Measurement Probe Station, Network Analyzer Problem Tight Coupling (Need for Fan-Out) De-embedding Difficult to simulate Solutions ???

Objective and Challenges Objective: To accurately provide the x-talk of the differential pair and correlate the measured values with the simulated result • Challenges • 1. Simulation aspect: • To separate even and odd mode without • perturbations from each other • 2. Measurement aspect: • To be able to separate the fan-out and de-embedded • model to measure the S & ABCD parameter matrices • correctly

Differential Pairs Permittivity: 8.8 (Al)Conductor:Au Use Terminals in HFSS to assign Differential Pairs!! Four coupled differential Lines connected with flair on both edges

Differential Pairs • Result in HFSS indicates that common mode • exist in the differential mode of the S matrix • Unwanted modes add up(crosstalk) due to asymmetry of the differential system

Approach I Use ABCD parameters of the individual network Single-ended Measurement of Fan-Out in three standards (Short, Open, Load) Matrix manipulation

Approach I (Continued) Fan-Out 2 [ABCD]1 Fan-Out1 [ABCD]2 [ABCD]3 • How do we get ABCD matrix from measurement? • Measure S parameters of Fan-Out1 • S matrix is converted into Z matrix • Z matrix is converted into ABCD matrix • Measure Overall S parameters of the whole system • Use symmetry to get individual S parameters of Fan-out 2

Approach (Continued) De-embed the differential pair Use even and odd analysis to find differential S parameters to find the crosstalk Code in Mat-Lab to verify the theory Measurement of S parameter needed