The Significance of Creatures in Biomedical Exploration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Significance of Creatures in Biomedical Exploration

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The Significance of Creatures in Biomedical Exploration

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  1. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 9190 Crestwyn Hills Drive, Memphis, TN 38125-8538 Phone: 901-754-8620 • Fax: 901-753-0046 WWW: http://www.aalas.org • Email: info@aalas.org

  2. Throughout history, scientists have been solving medical problems, developing new techniques and treatments, and curing diseases – all by using animals in biomedical research. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research

  3. Most students have not even heard of, much less know anything about, many of the diseases our ancestors experienced first-hand. Why? They have either been eradicated or can be controlled due to findings from research using animals. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research

  4. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research • Life-saving surgical procedures; • Cancer therapies; • Organ transplantation; • Vaccines; • Safe consumer products; and • Treatments and cures for countless other medical disorders and diseases.

  5. "Virtually every major medical advance for both humans and animals has been achieved through biomedical research using animal models to study and find a cure for a disease and through animal testing to prove the safety and efficacy of a new treatment.” C. Everett Koop, M.D Former U.S. Surgeon General The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research

  6. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research • organs and body systems similar to humans and other animals; • susceptible to the same diseases that affect humans; • short life span allows animals to be studied throughout their entire life; • environment easily controllable to keep experimental variables to a minimum;

  7. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research • Laboratory mice are used in research more often than any other animal species; • These mice, plus other rodents such as rats and hamsters, make up more than 90% of the total number of animals needed; and • Other animal species, including dogs, cats, rabbits, farm animals, fish, frogs, birds, nonhuman primates, and many others, make up the remaining 10% of animals needed in research.

  8. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research • following literature searches and comparison of data to previous research ; • following computer model simulations and cell and/or tissue culture research; • following an IACUC-approved animal use protocol; • following extensive training and education on the handling, care, and use of animals; • but, before HUMAN clinical testing.

  9. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research • Research institutions; • Scientists and their research staff; • Veterinarians, laboratory animal technicians, cagewashers, and other animal care personnel; • Federal and local government agencies; • Scientific organizations; and most of all, • Patients

  10. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research • allergies • arthritis • birth defects • cancer • tuberculosis • asthma • epilepsy • heart disease • kidney disease • Lyme disease • ulcers • measles • influenza • hypertension • glaucoma • diabetes • bronchitis • leukemia • deafness

  11. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the use of animals in medical research: • How does animal research help advance human medicine? • How can we be sure that lost or stolen pets are not used in research?

  12. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research More FAQs: • Why do veterinarians, who are supposed to take care of sick animals, work with researchers who do experiments on them? • Aren’t the animals in laboratories suffering and in pain?

  13. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research More FAQs: • Why is it important to conduct product safety tests on animals when “cruelty-free” products are available? • What happens to animals once an experiment is completed?

  14. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research More FAQs: • Why are increasing numbers of animals needed for research, especially for repetitive experiments? • Why can’t alternatives such as computer models and cell and tissue cultures replace animals in medical research?

  15. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research More FAQs: • Do we really have the right to experiment on animals? What about their rights? • Don’t people choose careers in medical research using animals because it is an easy way to receive funding dollars and make high salaries?

  16. With the knowledge gained through research on animals, we can continue improving the lives of not only humans, but our pets, wildlife, and other animals. The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research

  17. AALAS Mission Statement AALAS advances responsible laboratory animal care and use to benefit people and animals. Phone: (901) 754-8620 • Email: info@aalas.org • Web: www.aalas.org The Importance of Animals in Biomedical Research