FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENTTITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT SECTION 1118 STRATEGIES / BEST PRACTICES PARENTAL NOTIFICATION UNDER NCLB FEDERAL MONITORING FINDINGS Liz Roper, Project Director
SECTION 1118 TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT DISTRICT LEVEL POLICY WRITTEN POLICY ONPARENT INVOLVEMENT, SCHOOL REVIEW AND IMPROVEMENT • DEVELOPED WITH PARENTS & DISTRIBUTED TO PARENTS • PROVIDES SUPPORT/ T.A. TO SCHOOLS TO PLAN EFFECTIVE PARENT ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE STUDENT ACHIEVMENT/ SCHOOL PERFORMANCE • BUILDS SCHOOLS’/PARENTS’ CAPACITY FOR STRONG INVOLVEMENT • INTEGRATES HEAD START, READING FIRST, EVEN START, PARENTS AS TEACHER,PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS • ANNUAL POLICY EVALUATION • LEAS ALLOCATED $500,000 +, PARENTS INVOLVED ABOUT HOW 1% USED IN PARENT INVOLVMENT ACTIVITIES, LITERACY, PARENTING SKILLS
SECTION 1118 TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT SCHOOL LEVEL POLICY WRITTEN POLICY IN UNDERSTANDABLE FORMATDEVELOPED WITH PARENTS AND DISTRIBUTED TO PARENTS IN ALANGUAGEPARENTS CAN UNDERSTAND • ANNUAL MEETING AT CONVENIENT TIME PARENTS CAN ATTEND TO DISCUSS TITLE I, PARENT POLICY, AND RIGHT TO BE INVOLVED • OFFER FLEXIBLE NUMBER OF MEETINGS- AM and PM • INVOLVE PARENTS IN PLANNING/ REVIEW OF THIS POLICY • REGULAR MEETINGS IF REQUESTED BY PARENTS • SCHOOL COMPACT DESCRIBING HOW STUDENTS, PARENTS, AND STAFF WILL SHARE IMPROVED STUDENT ACHIEVMENT AND WAYS PARTNERSHIP IS BUILT BETWEEN PARENTS/SCHOOLS TO HELP CHILDREN ACHIEVE
SECTION 1118 TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT SCHOOL LEVEL POLICY • DESCRIBE SCHOOL’S RESPONSIBILITY TO PROVIDE HIGH QUALITY CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION IN SUPPORTIVE AND EFFECTIVE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT • ANNUAL PARENT- TEACHER CONFERENCES • ONGOING COMMUNICATION AND TIMELY INFORMATION: • AT LEAST ANNUAL PARENT TEACHER CONFERENCE IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL • FREQUENT PROGRESS REPORTS • REASONABLE ACCESS TO STAFF • OPPORTUNITIES TO VOLUNTEER AND PARTICIPATE
SECTION 1118 TITLE I BUILDING CAPACITY FOR INVOLVEMENT • EXPLAIN TO PARENTS: CURRICULUM, ASSESSMENTS, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT STANDARDS, PROFICIENCY LEVELS STUDENTS EXPECTED TO MEET, HOW TO MONITOR A CHILD’S WORK, HOW TO WORK WITH EDUCATORS • PROVIDE MATERIALS AND TRAINING TO HELP PARENTS WORK WITH CHILDREN IN LITERACY AND TECHNOLOGY • EDUCATE SCHOOL STAFF HOW TO COMMUNICATE AND WORK WITH PARENTS AS EQUAL PARTNERS • INTEGRATES HEAD START, READING FIRST, EVEN START, PARENTS AS TEACHER, PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS
SIX TYPES OF INVOLVEMENTAND PRACTICES 1PARENTING: Assist families with parenting and child rearing skills, understanding child and adolescent development, and setting home conditions that support children as students at each age and grade level. Assist schools in understanding families. PRACTICES: • Parent education and training (GED, college credit, family literacy, computer workshops, child development, language classes, cultural diversity). • Family support programs to assist families with health, nutrition, and other services. • Home visits.
SIX TYPES OF INVOLVEMENT AND PRACTICES 2COMMUNICATING: Communicate with families about school programs and student progress through effective school to home and home to school communications. PRACTICES: • Ongoing communication resources -email, website, telecommunications system, electronic language translation, student management software, brochures, mail outs • Information on learning standards, assessments, child progress reports, school performance, school programs, reading and math tips, homework tips
SIX TYPES OF INVOLVEMENT AND PRACTICES 3 VOLUNTEERING: Improve recruitment, training, and schedules to involve families as volunteers and audiences in other locations to support students and school programs. PRACTICES: • Include parent and community volunteers in the classroom, as reading and math mentors, for cafeteria and bus duty, in sports events, as hall monitors, as language translators, and for fundraisers. • Enlist parents and community to mentor English Language Learners, special needs, new families.
SIX TYPES OF INVOLVEMENT AND PRACTICES 4 LEARNING AT HOME: Involve families with their children in learning activities at home, including homework and other curriculum-related activities and decisions. PRACTICES AT HOME: • Read to your child every day and your child takes turns reading to you. Ask your child questions about the story and characters, predict the outcome. • Play a rhyming game. Parent says a word like rat and child rhymes with bat, sat, hat,… • Homework hotline, place on homework sheet for parent comments
SIX TYPES OF INVOLVEMENT AND PRACTICES 5 DECISION MAKING: Include families as participants in school decisions, governance, and advocacy through PTA/PTO, school councils, committees, action teams, and other parent organizations. PRACTICES: • Parents participating on the School Improvement Committee, Parent Advisory, and Leadership Team • Design school strategies with parents for academic, attendance, and behaviors. • Use surveys to identify needs.
SIX TYPES OF INVOLVEMENT AND PRACTICES 6 COLLABORATING WITH COMMUNITY: Coordinate resources and services for students, families, and the school with businesses, agencies, and other groups, and provide services to the community. PRACTICES: • Integrate academic and childcare resources such as: Head Start, Reading First, Family Literacy Programs • Provide information on community resources to help the child or family with health, housing, food, clothing, employment
CREATE PRACTICES TO ADDRESS • Fathers actively involved in their child’s education, especially in the middle and high school grades • Teachers guiding parents to monitor and discuss homework with their children • District leaders and principals organizing committees that focus on the six type of involvement and conducting evaluations on the activities, and providing workshops on creating partnerships,
SOME TENNESSEE BEST PRACTICES • Bledsoe County- Language translation www.freetranslation.com • Cleveland City Schools- Key Communicators Network to respond to emails • Crockett County- Hispanic interpreter • Metropolitan Nashville -Customer Service Center • Grundy County- Grandparent’s Day • Hawkins County- TCAP TIPOFF • Haywood County- AYP on billboards
SOME TENNESSEE BEST PRACTICES • Henderson County Schools and Lexington City Schools- annual “A Family Affair” • Jackson- Madison County- “Jackson Parent” and “Ms. Tennessee Parents and Families” magazine published monthly • Lebanon Special School District- ELL literacy program • Marion County- Compiles parent/community data • McMinn County- restaurant owners present food coupons • Clarksville-Montgomery County- The Learning Center
SOME TENNESSEE BEST PRACTICES • Putnam County- 1.5 family engagement coordinators • Rutherford County- system wide Parent Advisory Committee & School Messenger System • Sevier County- TransAct language translation technology for over 20 languages • Tullahoma City Schools- Sinkways Program” to email student grades electronically • Warren County- Sales tax holiday collaboration • Wilson County- Parents as Teachers Birth to Kindergarten Program
State Report Card Teacher Qualification Child’s achievement on state assessment Limited English proficiency programs Schools identified for improvement, corrective action or restructuring Supplemental educational services Parental involvement policy Safe and drug-free schools programs National Assessment of Education Progress Military recruiter access to student information Homeless children Student privacy Waiver request 21st Century Community Learning Centers Schoolwide programs TITLE I PARENTAL NOTIFICATION UNDER NCLB
USDOE TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVMENT MONITORING SUMMARY District and School- Level Parental Involvement Policies • Policies were not current • Policies did not include required elements • Schools did not create and disseminate school-parent compacts • School- parent compacts did not include required elements • Parents not involved in annually reviewing parent involvement policies and school-parent compacts, and revising as needed
USDOE TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVMENT MONITORING SUMMARY Parental Notifications and Parents Right to Know • Letters to parents did not include all required components • Insufficient time for parents to make decisions about public school choice or SES • No letters sent to parents about public school choice and SES options
USDOE TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVMENT MONITORING SUMMARY • Information not provided to parents in other languages, as appropriate • Parents were not notified about the qualifications of paraprofessionals • Parents were not notified when their child had been assigned to or taught by a teacher who is not highly qualified for four or more consecutive weeks
USDOE TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVMENT MONITORING SUMMARY • Parents not aware of district level and/or school level written parent involvement policies • Principals and/or staff not aware of requirement of written parent involvement policies • Charter schools not aware of all Title I requirements for parent policies and school - parent compacts • SEAs had not reviewed LEA parent involvement policies and practices to determine if requirementshave been met
USDOE TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVMENT MONITORING SUMMARY • Required annual meeting did not include information about the school’s Title I program, the nature of the Title I program (schoolwide or targeted assistance), and information about AYP, school choice, and supplemental education services • Schools depended on the annual meeting as the only source to share information with parents about the Title I program, even when small numbers of parents attend the meetings
USDOE TITLE I PARENTAL INVOLVMENT MONITORING SUMMARY • Parents not included in the development, review, and implementation of school improvement plans • Parents not involved in decisions on use of funds reserved for parent involvement activities • Lack of district focus on building capacity of parents
RESOURCES • Title I Parental Involvement Policy Section 1118 Regulations http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/pg • Parental Involvement: Title, Part A Non-Regulatory Guidance http://www.ed.gov/programs/titleiparta/parentinvguid.doc • Tennessee Department of Education Family and Community Engagement http://www.tennessee.gov/education/fedprog/fpparentinvolve.shtml
CONTACT INFORMATION Liz Roper, Family and Community Engagement Project Director Office of Federal Programs Tennessee Department of Education Elizabeth.Roper@state.tn.us 615-253-0047