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Exclamatory Sentences

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  1. Exclamatory Sentences Ed McCorduck English 402--Grammar SUNY Cortland http://mccorduck.cortland.edu

  2. slide 2: characteristics of exclamatory sentences Exclamatory sentences have wh-words (usually only what and how) as modifiers of elements in deep structure. the wh-words and the elements they modify are fronted in the surface structure (and in Reed-Kellogg diagrams of exclamatory sentences the w and h of surface-initial What and How are capitalized) English 402: Grammar

  3. ex Howghastly he looks! slide 3: example of an exclamatory sentence and its Reed-Kellogg diagram English 402: Grammar

  4. ex How you’ve ruined my life! slide 3: another example of an exclamatory sentence and its Reed-Kellogg diagram English 402: Grammar

  5. slide 4: special rule for Reed-Kellogg diagrams when how or what modifies a modifier In Reed-Kellogg diagrams, if the what or how of an exclamatory sentence itself modifies a modifier (i.e., an element normally drawn below the main horizontal line such as a determiner, preposition or adverb), the how or what is connected to the modifier through a special structure: English 402: Grammar

  6. ex Whata lamebrainshe is! slide 6: example of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying what and its Reed-Kellogg diagram English 402: Grammar

  7. ex Howswiftlythe baying hounds run! slide 7: example of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying how and its Reed-Kellogg diagram English 402: Grammar

  8. ex Whata crockyou’re handing me! slide 8: another example and diagram of an exclamatory sentence with a modifying what English 402: Grammar