Present Perfect Tense Have/Has + V3 (past participle) Wed, 26 March 2008 email@example.com
Present Perfect Tense • to talk about past actions with some importance now • to tell about the new things that have happened • to tell the activity done up to now • use with already, yet, and just
to talk about past actions with some importance now • He is not here. He has gone to Paris. • We have bought a new car. • Can I take this newspaper? Have you finished with it? • Have you ever visited London? • That student has notfinished her English test.
Exercise 1 • Page 21 part 1and 2 • Page 23 – 24 part 1, 3 and 5
to tell about the new things that have happened • The Prime Minister has arrived at Washington for talks with the President • Garuda has burnt at Adi Sucipto Airport • The engineer has found a big oil reservoir at Kepulauan Seribu
Exercise 2 • Page 25 part 1, 2, and 4 • Page 26 part 1
to tell the activity done up to now (use since and for) • I have been here since Tuesday • We have known Marry since 1980 in Malaysia • The student has been here for about three hours • My father has had this car for ten years.
Exercise 3 • Page 27 – 28 part 1, 3, 4, and 5
use with already, yet, and just • Where is Marry? She has already gone home. • Are Jane and Dave here? They have just arrived. • Have you spoken to John yet? No, not yet. He hasn’t come yet. Already (before you/I expected) after have/has Just (a short time ago) after have/has Yet (until now) in negative/question, put at the end
Exercise 4 • Page 29 part 1, 2, 3, and 4
Present Perfect Continuous (have/has + been + V-ing) Wed, 26 March 2008
Compare these sentences • I have been repairing the TV for hours • I have repaired the TV. Are you happy? (1) the activity is being spoken about and we are not sure if the TV is fixed yet or not. (2), there is no doubt that it has been repaired • I have been writing the letters for two hours • I have written four letters P.Perf Prog (PPP) is often talk about how long and P.Perfect (PP) to talk about how many • I have lived in this town all my life • I have been living with my girlfriend for a month P.Perfect to show permanence and P.Perf Prog (PPP)is for a shorter period of time
Pres Perfect Continuous • To talk about the action that started in the past and is either still continuing or recently finished. 1. I have been reading that book all morning 2. I am tired. I have been jogging for an hour • To talk unsure activity is already finished or not (Look at the previous examples) • To say how long something has been happening 1. They have been learning English for a year. 2. Have you been sitting here waiting for long?
They've been playing in the gardenI've been cutting onionsI've been working hard all dayI've been working in the gardenI've been reading documents all morning I've been waiting two hours for youI've been walking in the rainI've been writing letters to everyoneI've been running in the sunI've been decorating the house 1. I am sweating because... 2. I've been crying because... 3. My clothes are all wet because... 4. I'm really angry because... 5. I'm very tired because... 6. There are envelopes everywhere because... 7. The children are exhausted because... 8. There is paint on the floor because... 9. My eyes are tired because... 10. My hands are dirty because...