D.P.A. – Are you ready??? • Daily Physical Activity in Schools • CIRA Ontario • Active 2010 • OPHEA
Recognizing Personal Safety & Injury Prevention situations: • Swarming • Threatening • Bullying • Harassment • Violence in the media • Abuse • Physical fighting • Violence in relationships • First aid • Babysitting
But Don’t Forget: • Internet violence • Cyber Bullying
Apply strategies…. • Anger management • Assertiveness • Conflict resolution • Decision-making
Identify People and Community Agencies • Parents/Guardians • Teachers • Neighbours • Kid’s Help Phone (1-800-668-6868) • Local Services • School Guidance department
Effective Strategies to Address Expectations: • Case studies/Scenarios • Stories • Videos • Role Playing • Small group discussion followed by large group sharing • DON’T lecture!!!!!
Understanding Perspectives:(The first step in conflict resolution) • Diverse interpretations • Takes into consideration how all people involved perceive the situation • No “right” or “wrong” answers
CONFLICT RESOLUTION Communicate Negotiate Mediate Arbitrate Litigate Legislate
What is the Threat??? • Read each situation card • Discuss with your group • Decide (by consensus) under which heading it best fits • Tape the card on the board • Complete all cards • Be prepared to justify your decisions
Decision-Making Process(Grade 6 onward) 1. What is the problem? “I” 2. Options or alternatives “D” 3. Evaluate all alternatives or consequences “E” 4. Make a decision “A” 5. Reflect on/evaluate your decision “L”
Bullying • Is it a problem in your school? • I was called mean names, made fun of or teased in a hurtful way • Other students left me out of things on purpose, excluded me from their group of friends or completely ignored me • I was hit, kicked, pushed, shoved around or locked indoors • Other students told lies or spread false rumours about me and tried to make others dislike me • I was made fun of because of my race or colour • I was made fun of because of my religion • Other students made sexual jokes, comments or gestures to me
According to HBSC… • 41% of students reported being involved in social bullying (either as victim or bully) • 32% physical bullying • 18% had been called racist names • 16% reported unwanted touching, grabbing or pinching • 13% reported being involved in electronic bullying • 10% victimized by homophobic harassment
Bullying Programs in Schools • School-wide – code of conduct, positive and negative consequences for students’ behaviour, staff meetings, parents • Classroom level – rules & routines, meetings with parents • Individual level – interventions, involvement of parents • NTIP – PD Core Content • Example – Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
Dealing with Bullying Grade 5 – Apply strategies to deal with personal-safety and injury-prevention situations Grade 6 – Describe and respond appropriately to potentially violent situations relevant to themselves Grade 7 – Describe harassment and identify ways of dealing with it
Dealing with Bullying • Hold the anger • Never get physical or bully back • Act brave, walk away, and ignore the bully • Use humour • Talk about it • Use the buddy system • Develop more friendships by joining clubs or sports programs Canadian Children's Rights Council
How Does Bullying Affect Learning? • Both victimized children and children who bully are at risk for poor school functioning, in terms of poor attitudes towards school, low grades, and absenteeism (Rigby, 2003; Tremblay, 1999). • 20-25% of frequently victimized children report bullying as the reason for missing school (Rigby, 2003).
Bullying Resources • Ontario Teacher’s Federation Bullying Prevention Project www.safeatschool.ca
Bullying Resources • Canadian Safe Schools Network • Canadian Public Health Association (Safe School Study and Toolkit) • Promoting Relationships & Eliminating Violence (PREV Net) • Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
Is it Harassment? Why or Why Not?(Grade 7) • Making comments on the attractiveness of someone’s appearance • Slapping someone’s butt • Putting an arm around someone who is hurt and crying • Patting someone on the back after a job well done • Commenting on the size of breasts • Commenting on a “tight butt” or any physical aspect of a person’s body, regardless of gender • A male calling another male a fag because he doesn’t like talking about female bodies or looking at sexually exploitative magazines • A female calling a male a stud when she wants to get his attention
Harassment Any unwanted, uninvited remarks, gestures, sounds or actions of a persistent nature that make you feel unsafe, degraded, or uncomfortable. (Check your Board’s definition)
Teacher’s Notes(Grade 7) • Consider the impact on the receiver, rather than the intent of the sender • Do NOT blame yourself • Do NOT ignore it. It will not go away. • Keep yourself safe • Teacher’s must consult Board’s Policy & Procedures, Safe School Policy • Parents, guardians, students and teachers have the right to contact police directly
Other Resources: • Public Health Agency of Canada • Thrive! (Lion’s Quest Canada) • OPHEA Curriculum Support Documents • Canadian Red Cross (RespectED) • “Quest for the Golden Rule” – (bullying-prevention software, gr. 2-5 classroom video game involving role play)
ANGER HIT LIST Or Venom Ventors that work! Cry. It’ll help discharge the tension, relax muscles. Exercise. Aerobics, jogging, running all focus our energy on one activity and help dispel the tension. Work. Working hard lets us focus our energy to a specific task. Laugh. Humour deflects our anger and lets us relax. Write. It helps us discharge our feelings. Talk. Talk about what’s hurting, it’ll help you calm down. Play. Read, watch TV, play games, do a hobby; these are psychological sponges that sop up stress. Solve the Problem. Direct your energy towards what’s wrong; it reduces the stress because you anticipate relief. Punch. Hit your pillow, your bed, a punching bag; have a private blowout. Tune in. Music can be profoundly calming. Take a little time alone with a favourite recording. Tune out. No activity at all. Brief rest periods like taking a huge sigh before responding will help you feel calm. Look again. Stand in the shoes of the person you’re feeling angry with. Look at their needs, beliefs, values, limitations. Argue. With yourself. Take the other person’s point of view; then express your own point of view. Argue for both.