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The Etruscans

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  1. The Etruscans

  2. Origin of the Etruscans • Began arriving about 1200 BCE; by 800 BCE, they had established a number of city states; by 600 BCE, they had taken over Rome. • Called themselves theRasenna, the Greeks called them Tyrrhenioi; the Romans called them the Etruscans. • Came from eastern Mediterranean, possibly Asia Minor. • Their land was called Etruria.

  3. The Land of the Etruscans

  4. Etruscans

  5. Etruscan Political System • Independent, fortified city-states. • Formed small confederacies. • Had a strong military that dominated all the surrounding peoples. • By 6c BCE, the Etruscan military had conquered much of the Italian peninsula,including Rome and the island of Corsica.

  6. Etruscan Military 6c BCE Chariot Bronze Warrior

  7. Etruscan Writing • Most inscriptions found on tombs and monuments and mirrors. • We can pronounce Etruscanwords, because they use analphabet similar to Greek, but wehave no clue about their meaning. • Over 10,000 Etruscan inscriptions.

  8. Lemnos Stelae – 6c BCE

  9. The Etruscan Alphabet

  10. Etruscan Writing Tablet

  11. Etruscan Religion • Polytheistic. • Believed that the destiny of manwas determined by the whims of the gods. • Believed in prophecy and readingthe signs of nature by augurs. • Believed in predestination.

  12. Reconstruction of anEtruscan Temple

  13. Etruscan Cemetery

  14. Etruscan Funeral& Tomb

  15. Etruscan Tomb Wall &Tomb Fresco

  16. Interior of an Etruscan Tomb

  17. Sarcophagus of an Etruscan Couple

  18. Etruscan Gold Jewelry

  19. Life-Size Statue of an Etruscan Baby in Swaddling Clothes

  20. Etruscan Art • Art created for religious or utilitarianpurposes. • Most famous pieces created out ofterracotta. • Many murals and frescoes on tomb walls. • Lively depictions of life—dancing, games,music, and feasting. • Pottery at first copies of Greek works. Later, created their own bronze pottery. • Bronze crafts [mirrors, bowls, candelabra].

  21. Dance, Dance, Spin ! Double Flutist

  22. An Etruscan Banquet

  23. Etruscan Wrestlers

  24. Etruscan Jars & Vases

  25. Etruscan Bronzes

  26. The Gate of Volterra:First known Archway in History!

  27. The period of Etruscan control which lasted almost 100 years, has a major influence on the development of Rome. From the Etruscans the Romans learned…. • How to use the arch and build large aqueducts to transport fresh water and developed urban drainage systems.

  28. They learned the skills of metal-working. • Many of the Etruscans’ religious beliefs become part of Roman life. • The Romans adopted the Etruscan alphabet. The Etruscans had taken their alphabet from the Greeks and the Romans changed it to fit their own Latin language. Later this alphabet formed the basis of many written languages including English, Frenc, Italian, and Spanish.

  29. Tarquin [Etruscan] Rulers of Rome