Origin of the Etruscans • Began arriving about 1200 BCE; by 800 BCE, they had established a number of city states; by 600 BCE, they had taken over Rome. • Called themselves theRasenna, the Greeks called them Tyrrhenioi; the Romans called them the Etruscans. • Came from eastern Mediterranean, possibly Asia Minor. • Their land was called Etruria.
The Land of the Etruscans
Etruscan Political System • Independent, fortified city-states. • Formed small confederacies. • Had a strong military that dominated all the surrounding peoples. • By 6c BCE, the Etruscan military had conquered much of the Italian peninsula,including Rome and the island of Corsica.
Etruscan Military 6c BCE Chariot Bronze Warrior
Etruscan Writing • Most inscriptions found on tombs and monuments and mirrors. • We can pronounce Etruscanwords, because they use analphabet similar to Greek, but wehave no clue about their meaning. • Over 10,000 Etruscan inscriptions.
Etruscan Religion • Polytheistic. • Believed that the destiny of manwas determined by the whims of the gods. • Believed in prophecy and readingthe signs of nature by augurs. • Believed in predestination.
Etruscan Art • Art created for religious or utilitarianpurposes. • Most famous pieces created out ofterracotta. • Many murals and frescoes on tomb walls. • Lively depictions of life—dancing, games,music, and feasting. • Pottery at first copies of Greek works. Later, created their own bronze pottery. • Bronze crafts [mirrors, bowls, candelabra].
Dance, Dance, Spin ! Double Flutist
The period of Etruscan control which lasted almost 100 years, has a major influence on the development of Rome. From the Etruscans the Romans learned…. • How to use the arch and build large aqueducts to transport fresh water and developed urban drainage systems.
They learned the skills of metal-working. • Many of the Etruscans’ religious beliefs become part of Roman life. • The Romans adopted the Etruscan alphabet. The Etruscans had taken their alphabet from the Greeks and the Romans changed it to fit their own Latin language. Later this alphabet formed the basis of many written languages including English, Frenc, Italian, and Spanish.