Petri Nets I - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

petri nets i l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Petri Nets I PowerPoint Presentation
Petri Nets I

play fullscreen
1 / 20
Download Presentation
aline-glover
Views
Download Presentation

Petri Nets I

Presentation Transcript

  1. Petri Nets I Friday, October 21, 2005

  2. Definition of Petri Net • C = ( P, T, I, O) • PlacesP = { p1, p2, p3, …, pn} • TransitionsT = { t1, t2, t3, …, tn} • Input I : T  Pr (r = number of places) • OutputO : T  Pq (q = number of places) • marking µ : assignment of tokens to the places of Petri net µ = µ1, µ2, µ3, … µn

  3. Applications of Petri Net • Petri net is primarily used for studying the dynamic concurrent behavior of network-based systems where there is a discrete flow. • Petri Nets are applied in practice by industry, academia, and other places. -reference

  4. Basics of Petri Nets Petri net consist two types of nodes: places and transitions. And arc exists only from a place to a transition or from a transition to a place. A place may have zero or more tokens. Graphically, places, transitions, arcs, and tokens are represented respectively by: circles, bars, arrows, and dots. p1 t1 p2

  5. Basics of Petri Nets -continued Below is an example Petri net with two places and one transaction. Transition node is ready to fire if and only if there is at least one token at each of its input places state transition of form (1, 0)  (0, 1) p1 : input place p2: output place p1 t1 p2

  6. Properties of Petri Nets Sequential ExecutionTransition t2 can fire only after the firing of t1. This impose the precedence of constraints "t2 after t1." SynchronizationTransition t1 will be enabled only when a token there are at least one token at each of its input places. MergingHappens when tokens from several places arrive for service at the same transition. p1 t1 p2 t2 p3 t1

  7. Properties of Petri Nets Concurrencyt1 and t2 are concurrent. - with this property, Petri net is able to model systems of distributed control with multiple processes executing concurrently in time. -continued t1 t2

  8. Properties of Petri Nets Conflictt1 and t2 are both ready to fire but the firing of any leads to the disabling of the other transitions. -continued t1 t2 t1 t2

  9. Properties of Petri Nets Conflict - continued the resulting conflict may be resolved in a purely non-deterministic way or in a probabilistic way, by assigning appropriate probabilities to the conflicting transitions. there is a choice of either t1 and t2, or t3 and t4 t1 t2 t3 t4 -continued

  10. Example: In a Restaurant (A Petri Net) Waiter free Customer 1 Customer 2 Take order Take order wait Order taken wait eating eating Tell kitchen Serve food Serve food

  11. Example: In a Restaurant (Two Scenarios) • Scenario 1: • Waiter takes order from customer 1; serves customer 1; takes order from customer 2; serves customer 2. • Scenario 2: • Waiter takes order from customer 1; takes order from customer 2; serves customer 2; serves customer 1.

  12. Waiter free Customer 1 Customer 2 Take order Take order wait Order taken wait eating eating Tell kitchen Serve food Serve food Example: In a Restaurant (Scenario 1)

  13. Waiter free Customer 1 Customer 2 Take order Take order wait Order taken wait eating eating Tell kitchen Serve food Serve food Example: In a Restaurant (Scenario 2)

  14. Take 15c bar Deposit 10c 15c 5c Deposit 5c Deposit 5c Deposit 5c Deposit 5c 0c Deposit 10c 20c 10c Deposit 10c Take 20c bar Example: Vending Machine (A Petri net)

  15. Example: Vending Machine (3 Scenarios) • Scenario 1: • Deposit 5c, deposit 5c, deposit 5c, deposit 5c, take 20c snack bar. • Scenario 2: • Deposit 10c, deposit 5c, take 15c snack bar. • Scenario 3: • Deposit 5c, deposit 10c, deposit 5c, take 20c snack bar.

  16. Take 15c bar Deposit 10c 15c 5c Deposit 5c Deposit 5c Deposit 5c Deposit 5c 0c Deposit 10c 20c 10c Deposit 10c Take 20c bar Example: Vending Machine (Token Games)

  17. Petri Net examples

  18. Petri Net examples (Dining Philosophers) • Five philosophers alternatively think and eating • Chopsticks: p0, p2, p4, p6, p8 • Philosophers eating: p10, p11, p12, p13, p14 • Philosophers thinking/meditating: p1, p3, p5, p7, p9

  19. Petri Net with Time • 1962 - Carl Adam Petri originally proposed Petri without any notion of time. Concept of time was intentionally avoided because addition of time restricts the behavior of the net. • 1970s ~ - Addition of time has been discussed in order to analyze the performance of the modeled system. • Many properties are still undecided for Petri nets extended with data and time.

  20. References • Fishwick, Paul(1995) – Simulation Model Design and Execution • Petri Nets World • Ling,Chris(2001) – Lecture on Petri Nets Method • Chapman, Nick(1997) – Surprise97 journal on Petri Nets Models