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Research Skills

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  1. Research Skills Doug Knock Information Skills Trainer South London Healthcare NHS Trust Queen Elizabeth, Woolwich

  2. Learning Objectives • At the end of this course, all participants will be able to: • Demonstrate the ability to identify several keywords for a concept • Demonstrate the use of Boolean AND, OR and NOT in order to construct a search strategy • Understand the benefits and dangers of truncation

  3. Keywords and synonyms Concepts can have more than one word to describe them: Footwear, slippers, shoes, boots, wellies, clogs, flip-flops, heels, trainers, takkies, Jimmy Choos, ones and twos...

  4. Describe: • Hospital environment • Routine • Sink • Person • Washing hands in flowing water with soap • Infection control

  5. Keywords • Hospital • Nurse • Healthcare Worker • Handwashing • Sink • Soap and water • Infection Control • Uniform

  6. Keywords • Hospital • Nurse • Healthcare Worker • Handwashing • Sink • Soap and water • Infection Control • Uniform • Hospital environment • Routine • Sink • Person • Washing hands in flowing water with soap • Infection control

  7. Describe:

  8. Keyword Bingo • Paediatric • Baby • Mother • Neonatal ward • Nurse • Temperature • Female   • Thermometer • Hospital • Adult • Infant • Asian • White • Secondary care • Maternity • Neonatal

  9. AND

  10. AND • Use AND to combine your search terms • If you would like an article that covers both of your search terms • Hand Washing ANDInfection Control • Smoking cessation ANDnicotine replacement • If you want to find a specific book • Title/part of titleANDauthor

  11. OR OR ?

  12. OR • When we offer it we mean one or the other • In searching it means either • Use OR when you want to find either of your search terms in an article • RubellaORGermanMeasles

  13. AND / OR • You can use AND and OR together • If you do this, always use your OR search terms together first • MRSAORC.diffANDhand washing

  14. NOT • Here’s your tea. Milk and sugar? • Just milk please. • You will have a mug containing: • teaANDmilkNOTsugar

  15. NOT • Use to exclude information • In a search for childhood illnesses you may search for Measles NOTChicken Pox • Some Internet search engines use the minus sign ( - ) for NOT • Measles-chickenpox

  16. AND, OR, NOT? You want to find information on whether acupuncture can help people give up smoking acupuncture _________ smoking

  17. AND, OR, NOT? You want to find information on whether acupuncture can help people give up smoking acupunctureANDsmoking

  18. AND, OR, NOT? You want to find information about addiction to alcohol in either children or teenagers children ___ teenagers___ addiction ___ alcohol

  19. AND, OR, NOT? You want to find information about addiction to alcohol in either children or teenagers childrenORteenagers ANDaddictionANDalcohol

  20. AND, OR, NOT? You want to find information on the use of maggots to help wound cleaning in cases of MRSA but not gangrene maggots ____ wound ___ MRSA ___ gangrene

  21. AND, OR, NOT? You want to find information on the use of maggots to help wound cleaning in cases of MRSA but not gangrene maggotsANDwound ANDmrsaNOTgangrene

  22. Truncation • Truncation is a form of searching often used in databases and library catalogues • A “wildcard” symbol is used where a range of words or plurals could be relevant

  23. CARDI* OVASCULAR OLOGY AC OGRAM CARDI NAL OGRAPH OGRAM OPULMONARY OMYOPATHY

  24. How many can you get for? • MEDIC* • EDUCAT*

  25. How many did you get? • MEDICAL • MEDICABLE • MEDICALLY • MEDICINE(S) • MEDICATION(S) • MEDICATOR(S) • MEDICALISATION • MEDICATE(D) • MEDICINAL • MEDICOMMISSURE • EDUCATE(D) • EDUCATIVE • EDUCATOR(S) • EDUCATION • EDUCATIONAL • EDUCATIONALIST(S) • EDUCATIONALLY

  26. Wildcards • Wildcards vary between systems so it is good to check first * £ $ &

  27. Any Questions?