Utilitarian linkage of watersheds and streams: ArcGIS FLoWS apparatuses - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Utilitarian linkage of watersheds and streams: ArcGIS FLoWS apparatuses

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  1. Functional linkage of watersheds and streams: ArcGIS FLoWS tools David Theobald, John Norman, Erin Poston, Silvio Ferraz Natural Resource Ecology Lab, Dept of Recreation & Tourism, Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 USA 26 July 2005

  2. Project context • Challenges of STARMAP (EPA STAR): • Addressing science needs Clean Water Act • Integrate science with states/tribes needs • Assisting statisticians to test tenable hypotheses generated using understanding of ecological processes Goal: to find measures that more closely represent our understanding of how ecological processes are operating

  3. From watersheds/catchments as hierarchical, overlapping regions… River continuum concept (Vannote et al. 1980)

  4. … to network of catchments Benda et al. BioScience 2004

  5. SCALE: Grain Landscape River Network Microhabitat Microhabitat COARSE Climate Atmospheric deposition Geology Topography Soil Type Network Connectivity Stream Network Nested Watersheds Connectivity Flow Direction Network Configuration Drainage Density Confluence Density Vegetation Type Basin Shape/Size Land Use Topography Segment Contributing Area Segment Tributary Size Differences Network Geometry Localized Disturbances Land Use/ Land Cover Reach Riparian Zone Riparian Vegetation Type & Condition Floodplain / Valley Floor Width Cross Sectional Area Channel Slope, Bed Materials Large Woody Debris Overhanging Vegetation Substrate FINE Biotic Condition, Substrate Type, Overlapping Vegetation Detritus, Macrophytes Shading Detritus Inputs Biotic Condition


  7. FLoWS v1 tools for ArcGIS v9.0… • Will migrate to v9.1

  8. “true” catchments “adjoint” catchments Segments Pre-processing segment contributing areas (SCAs) Automated delineation • Inputs: • stream network (from USGS NHD 1:100K) • topography (USGS NED, 30 m) • Process: • “Grow” contributing area away from segment until ridgeline • Uses WATERSHED command

  9. Segments are linked to catchments • 1 to 1 relationship • Properties of the watershed can be linked to network for accumulation operation

  10. Landscape networks with Python • Need to represent relationships between features • Using graph theory, networks • Retain tie to geometry of features • Flow relationships table (like NHD, but flow-sorted!) • Implementation in ArcGIS • Geometric Networks (ESRI – complicated, slow) • Landscape Networks: Open, simple, fast • Began with VBA (1.5 years), moved to Python (2 months)

  11. Selections • Downstream

  12. Example: Flow modification Deynesius and Nilsson, Science (1994) – 77% of upper 1/3 of northern hemisphere rivers are strongly or moderately affected - F = regulated/total channel length - R = % of VMAD (cumulative reservoir live, gross capacity) Network-based flow modification 1. Degree of modification to flow = cumulative annual flow – cum. dam max. storage: Q’ = Q-S 2. Proportion of modified to VMAD (“natural”) flow: F = Q’/Q Collaboration with Aquatic ecologists (Poff, Merritt) RCL TCL

  13. 1. DEM 2. Slope 3. Flow dir. 4. Flow acc. 5. Hydro dist. Reservoirs Dam “shadow” High

  14. Example: Coho salmon distances

  15. Example: Coho salmon distances

  16. Example: 2D stream in Virginia

  17. Example: 2D stream in Virginia

  18. Example: 2D stream in Virginia

  19. Example: 2D stream in Virginia

  20. Next steps • Increase range of applications • Attach additional datasets to SCA database • Land cover (urban, ag, “natural”) • Historical, current, future housing density • Indexing of National Inventory of Dams? • From segments to geomorphological reaches, gradient • Project/tool website: • www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/starmap

  21. CR - 829095 Thanks! • Comments? Questions? • Funding/Disclaimer: The work reported here was developed under the STAR Research Assistance Agreement CR-829095 awarded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to Colorado State University. This presentation has not been formally reviewed by EPA.  The views expressed here are solely those of the presenter and STARMAP, the Program (s)he represents. EPA does not endorse any products or commercial services mentioned in this presentation. • FLoWS: www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/starmap • davet@nrel.colostate.edu