Making a move to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan PAHO - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

slide1 l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Making a move to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan PAHO PowerPoint Presentation
Making a move to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan PAHO

play fullscreen
1 / 22
Download Presentation
pippa
Views
Download Presentation

Making a move to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan PAHO

Presentation Transcript

  1. Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan – PAHO/WHO Global Workshop to Evaluate Guides to Assess Health Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change 20-23 July 2010 San José, Costa Rica

  2. Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan – PAHO/WHO Global Workshop to Evaluate Guides to Assess Health Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change 20-23 July 2010 San José, Costa Rica

  3. Basic concepts The Climate Change challenge An agenda for action

  4. What constitutes Health? Physical, mental health? Social well-being? Everything?

  5. What constitutes the environment? Physical, Chemical, Biological agents? Social, cultural environment? Everything?

  6. What is Environmental Health? It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling environmental factors which can harm human health, or promoting those which protect health Environmental health refers to those aspects of human health or disease whichare determined by environmentalfactors

  7. Cardiovasc. diseases Cancer Diabetes Physical inactivity Respiratory infections Lung cancer Respiratory diseases COPD Cardiovasc. diseases Injuries Diarrhoea Malaria Malaria Injuries Dengue Cardiovasc. diseases etc. Leishmaniasis etc. Malnutrition Intestinal parasites Diarrhoea Drownings Malnutrition etc. Environment-society-individual interaction on health Causes of the causes Migration Energy Transport Direct causes Radiation Air pollution Chemicals Climate change Degraded ecosystems Health Vector breeding sites Water, sanitation Desertification Water scarcity

  8. Global inequalities: GNI versus EBD Sierra Leone Angola Guinea-Bissau Mozambique China India Brazil Finland USA Iceland Afro AmroEmroEuroSearoWpro

  9. Basic concepts The Climate Change challenge An agenda for action

  10. Health Climate change impacts on other risk factors Causes of the causes Migration Energy Transport Proximal causes Radiation Air pollution Chemicals Climate change Degraded ecosystems Vector breeding sites Water, sanitation Waterscarcity Desertification

  11. The health effects of climate change

  12. Climate change produce local health impacts and increase inequalities

  13. Climate change begins with… the most vulnerable groups: Children under 5; Pregnant women; Elderly people; Marginalized rural, urban and indigenous populations; Displazed persons

  14. The most vulnerable to environmental changes are the least responsible for their cause Climate change: children are the worst affected 88% of the burden of disease attributable to climate change affects children under 5

  15. climate change begins with… the most vulnerable regions: With high transmission of climate sensitive diseases; Low food production; Water scarcity; Island and coastal cities Mountain communities

  16. Climate change begins with… the most important public health problems: Communicable diseases; Food security; Disaster risks Water quality and access Disease vectors

  17. Many of the major killers are climate sensitive • Each year:- Undernutrition kills 3.5 million - Diarrhoea kills 2.2 million- Malaria kills over 900 thousandEach of these is highly sensitive to temperature and precipitation

  18. Basic concepts The Climate Change challenge An agenda for action

  19. Global Workplan for addressing the implications of climate change for health and health systems • Workplan Aims: • Support health systems in all countries, in order to enhance capacity for assessing and monitoring health vulnerability, risks and impacts due to climate change; • Identify strategies and actions to protect human health, particularly of the most vulnerable groups; and • Share knowledge and good practices.

  20. Strengthen health systems Addressing the implications of climate change for health Evidence Partnerships Raising awareness Global Workplan Objectives

  21. Workplan Objectives: 1. Raising awareness of the effects of climate change on health, in order to prompt action for public health measures. 2. Engage in partnerships with other United Nations organizations and sectors other than the health sector at national, regional and international levels, in order to ensure that health protection and health promotion are central to climate change adaptation and mitigation policies 3. Promote and support the generation of scientific evidence 4. Strengthen health systems to cope with the health threats posed by climate change, including emergencies related to extreme weather events and sea-level rise

  22. Actions from the local to the global setting We have only one Mother Earth