Sacral Sentiments: Understanding Schleiermacher's Notion of Religion

Sacral Sentiments: Understanding Schleiermacher's Notion of Religion

This lecture delves into the thinking of Friedrich Schleiermacher, a German theologian and philosopher who lived from 1768 to

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Slide1Rels 205 Lecture 4.2Sacral Sentiments

Slide2 Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)

Slide3Schlieremacher’s Church

Slide4Key WorksSpeeches on Religion to its Cultural Despisers (1799) The Christian Faith  (1821)

Slide5Ideas1) Nature of Religion 2) Religion not a science … original and characteristic possession of religion, it resigns, at once, all claims on anything that belongs either to science or morality  …

Slide6What is Religion?… religion is essentially contemplative … The contemplation of the pious is the immediate consciousness of the universal existence of all finite things, in and through the Infinite  …

Slide7An AffectionYet religion is not knowledge and science, either of  the world or of God. Without being knowledge, it recognises knowledge and science. In itself it is an affection, a revelation of the Infinite in the finite, God being seen in it and it in God ...

Slide8A Sacral SentimentSentiments, feelings, or emotions, that evoke and/or express a sense of the sacred.

Slide9Casper David Friedrich (1774-1840)Romanticism and Sacral Sentiments

Slide10Absolute DependenceBut the self-consciousness which accompanies all our activities … is itself precisely a consciousness of absolute dependence  …

Slide11The SacredThe sacred is that which is set apart, the Holy, as opposed to the secular or profane world of everyday life. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917

Slide12“Set apart” - Sacred actions

Slide13Set apart - pollution

Slide14Rudolf Otto (1869-1937)Professor at the University of Marburg

Slide15The Idea of the Holy (1923) 1923

Slide16The HolyArnold Friberg (b. 1913) Exodus 3. Cf. Ezekiel 1-2

Slide17Natural RevelationRomans 1.19 “For all that may be known of God lies plain before their eyes …” Romans 1. 21 “… knowing God they did not worship Him as God …”

Slide18Anselm (1033-1109)   Archbishop of Canterbury

Slide19Plato (427-347 B.C.)

Slide20Idealism„Bear“ „Bear“


Slide22Ontological ArgumentGod is that Being “than which nothing greater can be conceived. @ Since existence is greater than non- existence, the greatest conceivable being must of necessity exist. Therefore God exists necessarily.

Slide23Thomas Aquinas (1224/27-1274)

Slide24Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)

Slide25Empiricism„Bear“ „Bear“


Slide27The Five Ways of St. Thomas AquinasCosmological 1 - causation Cosmological 2 - motion Teleological Moral Aesthetic

Slide28John Pearson (1613-1686)Anglican clergyman and theologian. He was successively Master of Jesus College and Trinity College, Cambridge, and was the Lady Margaret professor of divinity at Cambridge University.  In 1672 he became the Bishop of Chester. An Exposition of the Creed  (1659)

Slide29Pearson in Cambridge and Chester

Slide30Sociology of belief“Roman armies …  met with atheism nowhere ... they showed no nation was without God.” Peter Berger  Rumor of Angels Rodney Stark

Slide31Acceptance of miracles“If then any action be performed which is not within the compass of the power of any natural agent ... it must be ascribed to a cause transcending all natural causes …”

Slide32William Paley(1743 ‑ 1805)


Slide34Paley’s ArgumentRefined teleological argument: In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer …  But suppose I found a watch upon the ground …

Slide35… crossing a heath …

Slide36… see a stone …

Slide37… found a watch …

Slide38Examine the watch

Slide39A mechanism …

Slide40Man made …

Slide41Analogy – the universeAn intelligent design = a creator Prof. John Leslie


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