# Elementary School Math Instruction Methods

Learn effective techniques for teaching mathematics in K-5 classrooms, including curriculum design, lesson planning, and assessment.

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## About Elementary School Math Instruction Methods

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1. MATH 402 Methods of Instruction in the Mathematics Curriculum for the Elementary School (K6) MATH 402 Methods of Instruction in the Mathematics Curriculum for the Elementary School (K6) Dr. Alan Zollman Dr. Alan Zollman Mathematical Sciences Mathematical Sciences NIU Teaching Effectiveness Institute NIU Teaching Effectiveness Institute August 24, 2009 August 24, 2009

2. Effective Strategies

3. Effective Strategies One Important Concept

4. Effective Strategies One Important Concept Two Dumb Stunts

5. Effective Strategies One Important Concept Two Dumb Stunts Four Quick Actions

6. Effective Strategies One Important Concept Two Dumb Stunts Four Quick Actions Three Big Ideas

7. Effective Strategies One Important Concept Two Dumb Stunts Four Quick Actions Three Big Ideas Two Predictors of College Success

8. Effective Strategies One Important Concept Two Dumb Stunts Four Quick Actions Three Big Ideas Two Predictors of College Success Closure

9. A mayber was raling his temp. Saintly a durf accotted some padis in his temp. Why did yind accot padis in my blem temp? the mayber quassed the durf. Arm varrly grendy, the durf trepped. Ar hished yind merpled padis in your temp. Did yind rale your temp blem? A mayber was raling his temp. Saintly a durf accotted some padis in his temp. Why did yind accot padis in my blem temp? the mayber quassed the durf. Arm varrly grendy, the durf trepped. Ar hished yind merpled padis in your temp. Did yind rale your temp blem?

16. The Difference Between Teaching and Learning The Difference Between Teaching and Learning

17. The Difference Between Teaching and Learning or How to Teach a Dog French The Difference Between Teaching and Learning or How to Teach a Dog French

18. Two Dumb Stunts Two Dumb Stunts Of all the demographic data collected on students taking standardized tests, which one has the highest correlation with scoring the highest mathematics test scores?

19. Two Dumb Stunts Two Dumb Stunts 1) Give the Father Lottery Tickets

20. Two Dumb Stunts Two Dumb Stunts 1) Give the Father Lottery Tickets 2) Give the Parents Honorary Degrees

21. Two Dumb Stunts Two Dumb Stunts In applying the empirical research to the practical classroom, there is a difference between correlations

22. Two Dumb Stunts Two Dumb Stunts In applying the empirical research to the practical classroom, there is a difference between correlations and causations.

23. Four Quick Actions

24. Four Quick Actions Take daily attendance

25. Four Quick Actions Take daily attendance Have lecture, individual, cooperative group activities

26. Four Quick Actions Take daily attendance Have lecture, individual, cooperative group activities T, M, E, A duties

27. Four Quick Actions Take daily attendance Have lecture, individual, cooperative group activities T, M, E, A duties Have a daily reflection

28. Effective Strategies Big Ideas Jean Piagets Reflective Abstraction

29. Effective Strategies Big Idea # 1 Jean Piagets Reflective Abstraction Generalization (Association)

30. Generalization (Association) Memorize the following 12 items in order Make sure you can read the whole screen

31.

34.

35.

36.

37. SKY RADIO GAS STATION BOX CUP DOOR KNIFE

38. SKY RADIO GAS STATION BOX CUP DOOR KNIFE TOY

40. SKY RADIO GAS STATION BOX CUP DOOR KNIFE TOY ROAD SIGN

41. SKY RADIO GAS STATION BOX CUP DOOR KNIFE TOY ROAD SIGN TOWEL

42. SKY RADIO GAS STATION BOX CUP DOOR KNIFE TOY ROAD SIGN TOWEL RAISINS

43. wait ..

45.

46. OK, now write the 12 nouns in order.

47. SKY RADIO GAS STATION BOX CUP DOOR KNIFE TOY ROAD SIGN TOWEL RAISINS

48. Effective Strategies Big Idea # 2 Jean Piagets Reflective Abstraction Generalization (Association) Coordination (Assimilation)

49. Coordination (Assimilation) How do we add: 2 tens + 3 ones

50. Coordination (Assimilation) How do we add: 2 tens + 3 ones 2 thirds + 3 fourths

51. Coordination (Assimilation) How do we add: 2 tens + 3 ones 2 thirds + 3 fourths (2x + 4y) + (3x + y)

52. Effective Strategies Big Idea # 3 Jean Piagets Reflective Abstraction Generalization (Association) Coordination (Assimilation) Encapsulation

53. Encapsulation Example 4th Grade Question How many different ways can you arrange 3 objects with 2 objects, 2 at a time? Encapsulation Example 4th Grade Question How many different ways can you arrange 3 objects with 2 objects, 2 at a time?

54. Encapsulation Example Encapsulation Example 4th Grade Question 4th Grade Question A. How many different ways can you arrange 3 objects with 2 objects, 2 at a time? or A. How many different ways can you arrange 3 objects with 2 objects, 2 at a time? or B. How many ways can you make a gym outfit if you have red, blue, or white tee shirts and red or white shorts? B. How many ways can you make a gym outfit if you have red, blue, or white tee shirts and red or white shorts? (remember the movie Clueless ?) (remember the movie Clueless ?) (question from Dr. John Sleisky, Authenticity and Test Items In Large Scale Assessment SSMA Centennial Conference, Downers Grove, IL, Nov. 1, 2001)

55. 7.8 % of high school students who take 7.8 % of high school students who take ALGEBRA I get a college degree ALGEBRA I get a college degree Predictors of College Success Predictors of College Success

56. Predictors of College Success Predictors of College Success 23.1% of high school students who take 23.1% of high school students who take GEOMETRY get a college degree GEOMETRY get a college degree 7.8 % of high school students who take 7.8 % of high school students who take ALGEBRA I get a college degree ALGEBRA I get a college degree

57. 39.5% of high school students who take 39.5% of high school students who take ALGEBRA II get a college degree ALGEBRA II get a college degree 23.1% of high school students who take 23.1% of high school students who take GEOMETRY get a college degree GEOMETRY get a college degree 7.8 % of high school students who take 7.8 % of high school students who take ALGEBRA I get a college degree ALGEBRA I get a college degree Predictors of College Success Predictors of College Success

58. 62.2% of high school students who take 62.2% of high school students who take TRIGONOMETRY get a college degree TRIGONOMETRY get a college degree 39.5% of high school students who take 39.5% of high school students who take ALGEBRA II get a college degree ALGEBRA II get a college degree 23.1% of high school students who take 23.1% of high school students who take GEOMETRY get a college degree GEOMETRY get a college degree 7.8 % of high school students who take 7.8 % of high school students who take ALGEBRA I get a college degree ALGEBRA I get a college degree Predictors of College Success Predictors of College Success

59. 74.3% of high school students who take 74.3% of high school students who take PRE CALCULUS get a college degree PRE CALCULUS get a college degree 62.2% of high school students who take 62.2% of high school students who take TRIGONOMETRY get a college degree TRIGONOMETRY get a college degree 39.5% of high school students who take 39.5% of high school students who take ALGEBRA II get a college degree ALGEBRA II get a college degree 23.1% of high school students who take 23.1% of high school students who take GEOMETRY get a college degree GEOMETRY get a college degree 7.8 % of high school students who take 7.8 % of high school students who take ALGEBRA I get a college degree ALGEBRA I get a college degree Predictors of College Success Predictors of College Success

60. Predictors of College Success Predictors of College Success Answers in the Tool Box , U.S. Department of Education by Clifford Adelman Answers in the Tool Box , U.S. Department of Education by Clifford Adelman 79.8% of high school students who take 79.8% of high school students who take CALCULUS get a college degree CALCULUS get a college degree 74.3% of high school students who take 74.3% of high school students who take PRE CALCULUS get a college degree PRE CALCULUS get a college degree 62.2% of high school students who take 62.2% of high school students who take TRIGONOMETRY get a college degree TRIGONOMETRY get a college degree 39.5% of high school students who take 39.5% of high school students who take ALGEBRA II get a college degree ALGEBRA II get a college degree 23.1% of high school students who take 23.1% of high school students who take GEOMETRY get a college degree GEOMETRY get a college degree 7.8 % of high school students who take 7.8 % of high school students who take ALGEBRA I get a college degree ALGEBRA I get a college degree

61. Predictors of College Success Answers in the Tool Box , a study by U.S. Department of Education researcher Clifford Adelman, examined more than 20 variables-- including high school courses, educational aspirations, race, socioeconomic status (SES), on-time versus late high school graduation, and parenthood prior to age 22--to determine what really influenced the college completion rates of over 10,000 students.

62. Of all the high school indicators of academic preparation, the one that is the strongest is taking rigorous and intense courses in high school. Predictors of College Success

63. Predictors of College Success Of all the high school indicators of academic preparation, the one that is the strongest is taking rigorous and intense courses in high school. Taking rigorous and intense high school courses has a greater impact on African-American and Latino students than on white students.

64. Predictors of College Success Of all the high school indicators of academic preparation, the one that is the strongest is taking rigorous and intense courses in high school. Taking rigorous and intense high school courses has a greater impact on African-American and Latino students than on white students. Of all the high school courses, the highest level of mathematics taken is the most important for college success. The odds that a student who enters college will complete a bachelor's degree more than doubles if that student completed a mathematics course beyond Algebra II (e.g., trigonometry or pre-calculus) while in high school.

65. Predictors of College Success Of all the high school indicators of academic preparation, the one that is the strongest is taking rigorous and intense courses in high school. Taking rigorous and intense high school courses has a greater impact on African-American and Latino students than on white students. Of all the high school courses, the highest level of mathematics taken is the most important for college success. The odds that a student who enters college will complete a bachelor's degree more than doubles if that student completed a mathematics course beyond Algebra II (e.g., trigonometry or pre-calculus) while in high school. Socioeconomic status had some impact (but it was minimal after the first year of college), and race did not have a statistically significant impact at all.

66. Closure Closure

67. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all)

68. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all) Teach 80% (We cant teach all we know)

69. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all) Teach 80% (We cant teach all we know) Learn 80% (All students dont learn all thats taught)

70. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all) Teach 80% (We cant teach all we know) Learn 80% (All students dont learn all thats taught) Retain 80% (All material isnt retained)

71. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all) Teach 80% (We cant teach all we know) Learn 80% (All students dont learn all thats taught) Retain 80% (All material isnt retained) Whats the result?

72. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all) Teach 80% (We cant teach all we know) Learn 80% (All students dont learn all thats taught) Retain 80% (All material isnt retained) 80% of 80% of 80% of 80% 41%

73. The 80% Solution Know 80% (We dont know it all) Teach 80% (We cant teach all we know) Learn 80% (All students dont learn all thats taught) Retain 80% (All material isnt retained) The Result: 80% of 80% of 80% of 80% 41% Is this a passing grade?

74. The 80% Solution We dont teach the content

75. The 80% Solution We dont teach the content We do teach students

76. Thank you! Thank you!

77. Dr. Alan Zollman Department of Mathematical Sciences Northern Illinois University DeKalb, IL 60115-2888 815/753-6750 zollman@math.niu.edu http://www.math.niu.edu/ ~ zollman