Understanding the Basics of Horticulture and Its Divisions
This article explores the broad field of horticulture, its definition, and covers its different divisions. Horticulture is the practice of cultivating, processing, and marketing fruits, vegetables
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About Understanding the Basics of Horticulture and Its Divisions
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Slide1Objective 5.01Objective 5.01 What is the broad field of horticulture and its different divisions?
Slide2What is Horticulture?• Horticulture comes from the Latin words hortus which means “garden” and cultorum which means “cultivation”. • Horticulture is the cultivation, processing and marketing of flowers, ornamental plants, vegetables, fruits and nuts.
Slide3Divisions of Horticulture• Fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants • Floriculture • Landscape and nursery industry • Olericulture • Pomology
Slide4Floriculture• Floriculture is the science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, designing, and marketing flowering plants.
Slide5Landscape and Nursery• Landscape and nursery industry is the science and practice of propagation, growing, planting, maintaining and using grasses, annuals, shrubs and trees.
Slide6Olericulture• Olericulture is the science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, processing and marketing vegetables.
Slide7Pomology• Pomology is the science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, processing and marketing tree grown fruits.
Slide8What are somejobs in horticulture?
Slide9Greenhouse Employee• Grows vegetables and flowers including • cut flowers • bedding plants • potted plants • hanging baskets • Performs both sexual and asexual propagation of plants
Slide10Nursery Employee• Grows seedlings and plants for landscaping, replanting in forests, or producing fruit
Slide11Garden Center Employee• Cares for plants • moves plants and supplies • arranges and displays plants and supplies • sells plants and supplies
Slide12Grounds MaintenanceEmployee • Cares for the land area and plants that surround a business, school, church, industry or other public or private places that have lawns and plants that have to be maintained
Slide13Golf Course Employee• Responsible for maintenance of: • golf course including turfgrass • irrigation and drainage • sand trap • trees and shrubs • buildings and equipment
Slide14Park Employee• Maintains plants, grounds, buildings, facilities, equipment and driveways in national, state, city or privately owned parks
Slide15Whatqualifications do I need to work in the horticulture industry?
Slide16SkillsSkills vary from unskilled to highly skilled depending on the career in horticulture. A materials handler needs few skills, but an inspector needs many skills to check for quality, for insects or diseases or for following governmental rules.
Slide17Personal Interests andQualifications • Before seeking a job one must consider: • Work inside or outside or a combination • Work in a group or alone • Work with people or plants • Work at routine tasks or varying jobs • Physical strength to do the job
Slide18Educational Qualifications• Educational qualifications vary depending on the careers • High school graduate or less for unskilled entry-level jobs • Technical degree for skilled jobs • Bachelors, masters or doctorate degree for most professional areas because of required licenses, paperwork, research and/or teaching
Slide19Career Outlook• Outlook for the horticulture industry is expected to grow because of the increase in population and new home construction. I see plants in your future!