The Age of Jackson and Jacksonian Democracy
A political era characterized by the rise of Jacksonian Democracy, which aimed to increase democratic participation through universal white male suffrage and the elimination of property qualifications for voting.
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2. Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Democracy The age of the common man Universal white male suffrage (no property qualifications) “The New Democracy”
3. “The New Democracy” “The New Democracy” Permanent political parties Public campaigning, big rallies Massive public participation
5. Election of 1824 Election of 1824 Crawford Adams Clay Jackson
7. “The Corrupt Bargain” “The Corrupt Bargain” Nobody gets electoral majority Top 3 (Jackson, Adams, Crawford) go into House of Rep Crawford has a stroke, he’s out Henry Clay is Speaker of the House Adams wins in House, Clay named Sec of State Jacksonians scream “Corruption!”
9. Adams’s Presidency (1825- 1829) Adams’s Presidency (1825- 1829) Miserable four years Jacksonians refuse to help him in Congress High expectations, almost nothing accomplished
10. Election of 1828 Election of 1828 Last party-free election in American History Nasty election Jackson soundly defeats Adams
15. Spoils System Spoils System To the victor go the spoils Treasure, Appointing your political allies to public office Patronage
17. Indian Removal Indian Removal Jackson was an Indian fighter for decades 1827: Cherokee nation declares itself sovereign Georgia refuses to recognize their independence 1831: Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court rules in favor of the Cherokee
18. Indian Removal Indian Removal Indian Removal Act (1830) Indians forced to give up land to move west Some agree, others refuse Second Seminole War (1835-1841) Fugitive slaves fight with Seminoles 1838: 16,000 Cherokees forcibly moved West 4,000 die on the long march to Oklahoma “Trail of Tears
23. A bank of the United States is in many respects convenient for the Government and useful to the people. Entertaining this opinion, and deeply impressed with the belief that some of the powers and privileges possessed by the existing bank are unauthorized by the Constitution, subversive of the rights of the States, and dangerous to the liberties of the people, I felt it my duty at an early period of my Administration to call the attention of Congress to the practicability of organizing an institution combining all its advantages and obviating these objections. I sincerely regret that in the act before me I can perceive none of those modifications of the bank charter which are necessary, in my opinion, to make it compatible with justice, with sound policy, or with the Constitution of our country.” Jackson’s Bank Veto, 1832.