The Emancipation Proclamation and its Impact

The Emancipation Proclamation and its Impact

The Emancipation Proclamation was a historic document created by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 following the Union victory at the Battle of Antietam. It declared that all slaves

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Slide2The EmancipationProclamation  Created by President Lincoln Following the Union Victory at Antietam.  Frees the slaves living in “States in Rebellion” as of 1/1/1863.  DOES NOT  free slaves living in the Border States.  Freeing the slaves prevents England from supporting the Confederacy.

Slide3States Effected ByEmancipation

Slide4Copperheads(Peace Democrats)  Northerners who were opposed to the war effort and against a war of Emancipation.  Copperheads form an antiwar platform, and demand the Union settle the war with the Confederacy.  Their leader is Clement C. Vallandingham, whom Lincoln had deported to the Confederacy.

Slide5African AmericanTroops  Following the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln allows Free Blacks to enlist in the Union Army and Navy.  These Men fought bravely in numerous battles, the most celebrated were the “Fighting 54 th  of MA”  Confederates say black soldiers caught fighting for the Union will be executed.  Leads to Massacre at Fort Pillow on 4/12/1864

Slide6Lee’s Victory atChancellorsville  May 1 st -4 th   1863, Lee defeats the Union Commander, “Fighting Joe” Hooker.  Hooker loses 17,287 men out of 75,000.  Lee loses his best General when “Stonewall” Jackson is accidently shot by his own man.

Slide7The Battle of Gettysburg Fought from July 1st-3rd, 1863.  Union Commander: General Meade  Confederate Commander: General Lee  Lee’s last ditch effort to invade the North, attacking in Gettysburg, PA, to capture badly needed supplies such as shoes.  Considered the  “TURNING POINT”  of war, Lee lost ½ of his army, 28,000 men.  The Union lost 23,000 men

Slide9Grant’s Victory atVicksburg  Grant captures Vicksburg, which is the “nail that holds the two halves of the Confederacy together.”  Vicksburg was captured on 7/4/1863  Capturing Vicksburg gave complete control of the Mississippi to the Union.  The Victory will cause Lincoln to name Grant the Head of the Union Army.  Vicksburg would not celebrate the 4 th  of July till 1944

Slide11The Draft: The Union In the Union, fewer and fewer men were volunteering for the Army.  Congress passed the Federal Conscription Law, creating the “Draft”.  Wealthy men could “buy” substitutes (poor immigrants) for $300.00. They were called, “$300 Dollar Men”  “It’s a rich man’s war, but a poor man’s fight.”

Slide12New York CityDraft Riots  Poor Irish Immigrants in New York resented having to fight the war to end slavery.  The Irish hated competing for the worst jobs with freed blacks.  Riots break out in New York City in 1863, and many blacks the rich are targets.  The Army and Navy ended the bloodshed after 4 days, 7/13-7/16/1863.

Slide14The Draft:The Confederacy  Originally if a farmer owned 20 or more slaves he was exempt from fighting.  As the war progressed, the Confederate Government called men between the ages of 17-50 to serve.  Eventually to gain support, Davis will emancipate any slave and his family who will fight for the South.

Slide15The Gettysburg Address Given by Lincoln as the Introductory Speaker for the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, PA.  Given 11/19/1863  The entire speech is 272 words and was given in 2 minutes.  Lincoln believed the speech was a failure.