Female Reproductive System Terms You Should Know

Female Reproductive System Terms You Should Know

This interactive tutorial will cover important terms related to the female reproductive system. Compared to the male system, the female reproductive system is more complex as it is responsible for producing and carrying an

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PowerPoint presentation about 'Female Reproductive System Terms You Should Know'. This presentation describes the topic on This interactive tutorial will cover important terms related to the female reproductive system. Compared to the male system, the female reproductive system is more complex as it is responsible for producing and carrying an. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.

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Slide1Female ReproductiveSystem Terms you should know Click To Begin

Slide2Click To ContinueFemale Reproductive System

Slide3Female Reproduction•  The woman’s reproductive system is more complex than the male system. Click To Continue •  The woman must produce the  ovum . •  The woman prepares for pregnancy. •  The woman receives fertilization. •  The woman carries the unborn child.

Slide4Vagina• The  vagina  is the muscular tube where sexual intercourse takes place. Click To Continue • It is also known as the  birth canal .

Slide5Clitoris• The  clitoris  is a small bean shaped organ outside the vaginal opening that is stimulated during foreplay and or sexual intercourse. Click To Continue

Slide6OrgasmAn  orgasm  is defined as the climax of sexual intercourse in which the peak of sexual excitement occurs and the body releases  endorphins producing a sense of well being. Click To Continue

Slide7Ovary• The  ovary  is  the organ that produces the female sex cell. Click To Continue • It also produces the  estrogen  and additional hormones during pregnancy.

Slide8Ovum• The  ovum  is the female reproductive cell, also called the egg. • The mature ovum is released from an ovary during  ovulation . • The ovum moves to the Fallopian tube , where conception takes place. Click To Continue

Slide9Ovulation• Ovulation  is the term to describe when the egg is released from either ovary. Click To Continue •   Ovulation  occurs at the mid point of the menstrual cycle.

Slide10Uterus• The  uterus  (womb) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen. Click To Continue • The  uterus  carries the child during pregnancy.

Slide11Cervix• The  cervix  is the opening to the uterus. Click To Continue • The diaphragm is placed here for contraception. • With the diaphragm, the sperm's entrance to the uterus is blocked at the cervix.

Slide12Fallopian Tubes• The  Fallopian tubes  are the structures that carries the ovum (egg) from the ovary to the uterus. Click To Continue • Conception usually takes place in the  Fallopian tubes , and then the fertilized egg travels to the uterus.

Slide13Estrogen• Estrogen  is the female hormone produced by the ovaries. Click To Continue •  It is the primary female hormone. •   It is responsible for secondary sex characteristics. •   Levels of Estrogen change during a woman’s regular monthly cycle.

Slide14Progesterone• Progesterone  is a major hormone produced by the ovary to permit pregnancy. Click To Continue • It prepares the lining ( endometrium ) of the uterus to receive and sustain the fertilized egg for pregnancy.

Slide15Menstruation• Menstruation  is the flow of blood from the uterus that occurs when a woman is not pregnant. Click To Continue • Menstruation  is commonly referred to as a “period” due to the regular occurrence of approximately every 28 days. • Menstruation  results from the break down of the lining of the uterus if no fertilized egg is implanted.

Slide16Menarche• Menarche  is the time of onset of a girl’s first menstrual cycle. Click To Continue • The age of menarche is declining. Girls are have periods at a younger age. The cause is unknown, but may be due to… –  Improved overall diet. –  Growth hormones given to animals to speed their growth to make them market- ready earlier.

Slide17PlacentaClick To Continue •  In lower animals it is referred to as the afterbirth. •  The placenta passes blood and oxygen to the developing child  and is the the source of nutrients. •  Alcohol and drugs pass through the placenta to the unborn baby if used by the mother during pregnancy. •  The  placenta  is the organ that connects the developing child to the mother.

Slide18Menopause• Menopause  is the time in a woman's life when her reproductive cycle is over. • There is a gradual reduction in estrogen production. • Symptoms vary, but may include… – Hot flashes – Migraines – Change in periods – Anxiety or depression Click To Continue

Slide19Women’s Health IssuesClick To Continue

Slide20PregnancyIn order to be medically pregnant, 2 things must happen: Click To Continue •  The fertilized egg must attach to the uterine wall. •   Conception  must take place (egg and sperm must unite).

Slide21Ectopic (Tubal) Pregnancy•  Occasionally the fertilized egg fails to leave the Fallopian tubes. •  Pregnancy occurs in the Fallopian tube rather than in the uterus. •  This is frequently caused as the result of an STD infection at some point in the woman’s sexual life. Click To Continue

Slide22Women’s Doctors• Obstetrician – Medical Doctor who specializes in medical care during pregnancy and delivery. • Gynecologist – Medical doctor who specializes in female reproductive system problems. OB-GYN:  Medical doctor that specializes in both areas of women’s health. Click To Continue

Slide23Pap Smear & Breast Exam• The  pap smear  tests for pre-cancers, or other infections as well as STDs. • The pap smear should be done regularly. • The ideal frequency of the pap smear varies with age. Click To Continue

Slide24Hysterectomy• A  hysterectomy operation  removes all or part of the female reproductive system. Click To Continue •    A hysterectomy may be due to a variety of causes: – Menopausal issues – Tumors – Cancer – Chronic infection

Slide25The End