Understanding Civil Law and Civil Cases

Understanding Civil Law and Civil Cases

This article delves into the basics of civil law and civil cases. A civil case refers to a legal action where one party sues another to recover damages resulting from loss or injury. Damages

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About Understanding Civil Law and Civil Cases

PowerPoint presentation about 'Understanding Civil Law and Civil Cases'. This presentation describes the topic on This article delves into the basics of civil law and civil cases. A civil case refers to a legal action where one party sues another to recover damages resulting from loss or injury. Damages. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.

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Slide2Civil Law Civil Cases- cases where someone/something sues someone/something else to recover damages for loss or injury  Damages- an award of money  Plaintiff- party suing  Defendant- party being sued

Slide3Types of Civil Cases Negligence  Breach of contract  Family matters  Property disputes

Slide4Civil Suits in the News Apple vs. Samsung- a patent dispute

Slide5Process of bringing a suit Hire a lawyer to file a complaint with the court  The court sends a summons to defendant announcing they are being sued  Lawyers on both sides check facts and interview witnesses (discovery)  Settlement- defendant offers to pay money to the plaintiff  Mediator- helps two sides come up with a solution

Slide6Trial May be jury most likely judge decides  Plaintiff must only prove defendant was more then likely responsible  Loser has the right to appeal  Copy chart on p. 450

Slide7Criminal Cases Penal Code- spells out a states punishments  Parole- early release from prison  Judges have sentencing options  Suspended sentence (no timed served)  Probation  Home confinement  Monetary fine  Imprisonment  Death

Slide8Process Arrest  Arraignment- defendant formally presented with crime and bail is reviewed  Trial  Each side calls witnesses to testify  Each side can cross-examine witnesses

Slide9Verdict Jury goes to room to determine guilt  To convict there must be no reasonable doubt  Most cases must have a unanimous verdict  Jury can decide to  Acquit- vote not guilty  Convict- vote guilty  Hung jury- no decision can be made  Usually benefits the defendant

Slide10Sentencing Judge decides on sentence after review facts of case  Judge has discretion in most cases  The defendant can appeal if they lose  Usually appeals say judge made errors or rights were violated  Prosecution cannot appeal- double jeopardy  Copy Chart on p. 457

Slide11Other Types of Law

Slide12Common Law Description  Unwritten laws created based on prior court decisions (precedents) and tradition.  Examples  Precedents  Zenger trial established freedom of the press

Slide13Statutory Law Description  Laws passed by a legislature (Acts)  Example  1964 Civil Rights Act (outlawed segregation in America).

Slide14Administrative Law Description  A regulatory laws created by a government agency  Example  FDA standards, ‘bleeped’ words on the radio (FCC)

Slide15Constitutional Law Description   A Law created by the Constitution or Supreme Court decision  Example  No poll tax (24th Amendment), integrated schools (14th Amendment), Judicial Review ( Marbury v. Madison)

Slide16International Law Description   laws created to regulate military agreements, trade, human rights &  treaties  with other nations.  Example  Geneva Convention Treaty outlaws the use of torture on POWs.

Slide17History of Law Our Laws are based on 3 historical laws  Hammurabi’s Code  Roman Law  English Common Law

Slide18Hammurabi’s Code 1772 BC  Hammurabi King of Babylon (Iraq)  Eye for an Eye  No trial  You do the crime you do the time

Slide19Roman Law- 12 Tables 450 BC  Posted in Public  Everyone Aware of Law  Very Procedural (set up how things work)

Slide20English Common Law 1189AD  English Tradition  Procedure and punishment  Brought to Colonies  Became part of New Governments after revolution Dark Blue: English Common Law used directly Light Blue: Law based on English Common Law used

Slide21Create Laws You are creating a new country  Create 10 laws and punishments that will be the cornerstone of you society