CF Concepts for NBCD107: Introduction to NBC Defence
This module provides an overview of the purpose of NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) defence in the Canadian Forces (CF). It introduces learners to the concept of NBC
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About CF Concepts for NBCD107: Introduction to NBC Defence
PowerPoint presentation about 'CF Concepts for NBCD107: Introduction to NBC Defence'. This presentation describes the topic on This module provides an overview of the purpose of NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) defence in the Canadian Forces (CF). It introduces learners to the concept of NBC. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.
Slide1CF Concepts for NBCD107 NBCD 01
Slide2Introduction• Purpose of NBC Defence • Introduction to NBC Warfare • Local Alarms • Warning Signals • Survival Rule • Immediate Actions
Slide3Introduction• The strategic priority of DND is to maintain a multi-purpose, combat capable force to meet the objectives the Government set out in the 1994 Defence White Paper. Thus the CF will need to be able to operate with modern armed forces against a capable opponent. • Given the world-wide proliferation and subsequent availability of NBC weapons to a capable opponent, the CF shall be prepared to survive and be confident of continuing combat operations in an NBC environment.
Slide4Introduction• In certain circumstances such as Cyprus and Vietnam, chemical agents and defoliants were used and there has since been confirmation of the use of chemical agents by countries such as Iraq and Iran in more recent conflicts. • We have only to look at current events to realize today’s very real NBC threat to our soldiers in the field. • Even though Canadian Government policy does not allow Canada to initiate NBC warfare, it is essential that all our personnel be able to recognize the threat, so they can protect themselves against such attacks and maintain combat effectiveness
Slide5Canadian Forces Policy forNBCD Defence • Biological Weapons – Canada does not possess any biological or toxin-based weapons, and will not develop, produce, acquire, stockpile, or use such weapons. • Chemical Weapons – Canada does not possess any chemical weapons other than the devices used for crowd and riot control. Canada has renounced both the use of chemical weapons in war and the right to develop, produce, acquire, or stockpile such weapons for use in warfare, unless these weapons are used against the military forces or the civilian population of Canada or it’s allies.
Slide6standardized warning systems have been established to warntroops who are potential targets. Details of these warning devices and the actions to be taken are normally given in Unit Standard Operating Procedures and/or Unit Standing Orders • Threats of attack – When there is a threat of an attack, units are responsible for warning their personnel. The unit will give the local alarm.
Slide7General Indicators of a Biological orChemical Attack • Suspicious liquids or solids on the ground or on vegetation • Unexplained smoke or mist • Dead or sick animals or birds • Suspicious odors
Slide8Chemical Agent Indicators• Irritation of the eyes, nose, throat and skin • Headache, dizziness and nausea • Difficulty with, or increased rate of breathing • A feeling of choking or tightness in the throat or chest • Strange or out of the ordinary orders • Strange flavours in food or water
Slide9Biological Agent Detection• An increase in sick or dead animals • Unusual or unexplained increase in the number of insects • Enemy fire that does not seem to have an immediate casualty effect
Slide10Chemical Agent CharacteristicsChemical Symptoms Treatment Nerve Gas Breathing difficulties, tightness in chest, nausea, excessive sweating, vomiting, cramps, headache coma, convulsions, drooling Administer atrophine Blister agents, Mustard and Arsenical agents Eyes enflamed, burning, blisters and tissue destruction Apply protective Ointment to exposed areas Choking Agent Difficulty in breathing, tightness in chest Loosen clothing, avoid unnecessary exertion and keep warm Blood agents, Cyanide, arsine gases Breathing difficulties, tightness in chest Administer Amyl Nitrate and artificial respiration Ear Agents Eyes water, intense eye pain, irritation of upper respiratory tract Air skin, flush irritated surfaces with water Vomiting agents Sneezing, nausea, salivation, vomiting Vigorous activity helps reduce nausea and it’s duration Incapacitating Abnormal behaviour, muscle weakness, central nervous system disorders Support first aid and physical restraints in some cases.
Slide11Survival Rules• A.R.O.U.S.E. – A rtillery or other enemy bombardment – R aids or other hostile acts by enemy aircraft against your unit – O dours, liquids or solids which are suspicious are detected – U nusual bomblets or missiles are seen – S moke or mist from an unknown source – E ffects on your body, on others or on animals or plants are noticed
Slide12Immediate Actions1. Mask up 2. Take cover 3. Check detector papers 4. Perform decontamination 5. Administer atropine (if needed)
Slide13Conclusion• Purpose of NBC defence • CF policies for NBC defence • Indicators of a NBC attack • Survival rule • Immediate actions