Emerging Technologies and a Sustainable, Healthy, Just World: Challenges and Opportunities
Join Dr. Marcy Darnovsky in exploring the implications of emerging technologies such as human biotech, nanotech, and synthetic biology on our world's sustainability, health, and justice. Discover policy and political implications and what funders can do.
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About Emerging Technologies and a Sustainable, Healthy, Just World: Challenges and Opportunities
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1. 1 Emerging Technologies and a Sustainable, Healthy, Just World Will our Genetically Modified Grandchildren Use Nanotech Nets to Harvest Cloned Fish on a Geo-engineered Planet?
2. 2 Marcy Darnovsky, PhD Associate Executive Director
3. 3 Human Biotech, Nanotech, Synthetic Biology and More Friday, Nov 6 (here and now!) Policy, Politics & What Funders Can Do Friday, Oct 23 Introduction to the Challenges & Opportunities http://www.geneticsandsociety.org/downloads/emerging_technologies_webinar.ppt
4. 4 Appropriate emerging technologies (some need to be handled with care)
5. 5 Emerging technologies Emerging technologies of concern of concern
6. 6 Converging and emerging
7. 7 International agreements World Health Organization
8. 8 Other countries The United Kingdom
9. 9 Jurgen Habermas "The breadth of biotechnological interventions raises moral questions that are not simply difficult in the familiar sense but are of an altogether different kind." Political philosophers & scholars Michael Sandel Changing our nature to fit the world, rather than the other way around, is the deepest form of disempowerment. Dorothy Roberts Selecting childrens abilities, sex, or racecan reinforce an unjust value system that privileges some over others. Selecting childrens abilities, sex, or racecan reinforce an unjust value system that privileges some over others. George Annas No individual scientist or corporation has the social or moral warrant to alter or endanger the human species. No individual scientist or corporation has the social or moral warrant to alter or endanger the human species.
10. 10 Paul Hawken It is not an exaggeration to compare human germline engineering with nuclear technology. While the horror of atomic weapons is the destruction of human civilization, the shadow cast by engineering Homo sapiens is the obliteration of what it means to be a human. Environmentalists
11. 11 Literature and film Margaret Atwood Very soon, RejoovenEsense hoped to hit the market withtotally chosen babies that would incorporate any feature, physical or mental or spiritual, that the buyer might wish to select
12. 12 Growing awareness and concern Womens health orgs Environmentalists Scientists & physicians Progressive religious bodies Disability rights orgs Racial justice orgs Human & civil rights Indigenous peoples LGBTQ groups Health & science CSOs World sports community Bioethicists Civil liberties orgs Patient advocates
13. 13 International NGO conference
14. 14 Think tanks and publications
15. 15 Policy and advocacy groups
16. 16 What is to be done?
17. 17 2010-2013 The Tarrytown Initiative Tarrytown House Estate and Conference Center The Tarrytown meetings will address the promises and challenges that new human biotechnologies and related technologies pose for a healthy, just and sustainable human future.
18. 18 David H. Guston Professor of Political Science Co-Director, Consortium for Science, Policy and Outcomes Director, Center for Nanotechnology in Society Arizona State University 18
19. 19 Anticipatory Governance, I Competent social scientists should work hand-in-hand with natural scientists, so that problems may be solved as they arise, and so that many of them may not arise in the first instance. Anticipate: from ante- and capere , to take [into possession] beforehand; related to capable and capacity and not a synonym for expect, predict, or foresee Detlev Bronk The pumpkin or the tiger? If science is puzzle-solving, when do we begin to pay attention? 19
20. 20 Anticipatory Governance, II Not government but governance Not do or ban Science finds, genius invents, industry applies, man adapts Moratoriums proposed by ETC Group and Friends of the Earth Wide array of mechanisms Licensing, restrictions Liability, indemnification Intellectual property Testing Treaties Public Understanding of Science (formal, informal) Public engagement Public action 20
21. 21 Anticipatory Governance, III Four capacities (research & practice) 1. Foresight Because all governance requires some disposition regarding the future 2. Engagement Because public engagement is crucial normatively, strategically and even pragmatically 3. Integration Because scientists know things the rest of us dont, and because they dont know things the rest of us do 4. Ensemble-ization Because none of these work in isolation 21
22. 22 Foresight http://cns.asu.ed u/nanofutures/ Literature-based Vetted Web- disseminated Scenario development workshops Product design 22
23. 23 Engagement National Citizens Technology Forum Science Cafes NISE Net Informal Science Education Forums 23
24. 24 Integration Socio-Technical Integration Research (STIR) Education/Training PhD+ DC Summer Session Curricular Undergraduate Graduate 24
25. 25 Another Asilomar? Foresight : What vision of future did scientists at Asilomar have? Determinist (these things are coming, like it or not) Distancing (we dont have the ability to do this now so we dont have to consider this stuff) Engagement : To what extent was the public involved in the discussions? Not at all (by invitation GRC) Contrast : Cambridge city council hearings Integration : To what extent were social science and humanistic expertise represented in collaboration with natural science and engineering expertise? Attorneys and journalists played crucial role Ad hoc decision-making processes 25
26. 26 Menu of Potential Activities Geniesbottlesquestions Capacity Building Across sectors Academic For Profit NGO Governmental Both producers and consumers Institutions and knowledge systems US, cross-national, developing Academic Research Training For Profit Practices/decisions Responsibility NGO Activities Public understanding/engagement Convening Ensemble-ization Connecting capacities within sectors Connecting capacities across sectors More than happy to continue the conversation and get feedback 26