Road to Conquest 1862: Fort Henry & Fort Donelson
The Union's key to defeating the Confederacy in the west during the Civil War was to gain control of strategic river systems. General Grant knew that Union control
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Slide1Road toConquest 1862
Slide2Fort Henry & Fort Donelson The key to defeating the Confederacy in the West was Union control over strategic river systems Grant wanted Union control of the Tennessee & Cumberland Rivers
Slide4Victory At Henry & Donelson Victory at Ft. Henry on 2/6/1862 gave the Union control of the TN River (upper right) Victory at Ft. Donelson on 2/16/1862 gave the Union control of the Cumberland River (lower right)
Slide5McClellan inCommand George B. McClellan Known as “Little Mac” “Superb organizer of an Army” Overly cautious during battle Later becomes Governor of New Jersey
Slide6The Peninsula Campaign3/1862-7/1/1862
Slide7Shiloh Fought 4/6-4/7/1862 Key Leaders were: Union: Ulysses S. Grant William Tecumseh Sherman Confederate: Albert Sidney Johnston First major bloody battle of the Civil War, in which there were 23,741 casualties
Slide8Battle of Shiloh
Slide10The Seven Days Battle Fought 6/25-7/1/1862 Lee stops McClellan’s Army from invading Richmond, and halts the Peninsula Campaign
Slide112nd Battle Bull Run/Manassas Fought 8/29-8/30/1862 Another Confederate Victory led by Robert E. Lee Adds to the reputation of Lee as an invincible leader.
Slide12The Battle ofAntietam/Sharpsburg Fought on 9/17/1862 in Sharpsburg, MD Bloodiest Day in American History with 23,300 casualties McClellan (75,000) vs. Lee (50,000) The Confederacy needed a major victory over the Union to gain foreign support from England and France
Slide13McClellan’s Victory1. Took ¼ of Lee’s Army 2. Stopped Lee’s invasion of the North 3. Ended idea of Foreign support from England and France 4. Provides Lincoln with need to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
Slide14Lincoln Fires McClellan McClellan could have ended the war by pursuing Lee after Antietam, but did not. When he ignored Lincoln’s order to do so, the President fired McClellan. McClellan hated Lincoln and would run against him in the Election of 1864.