Binge Listening and Hearing Loss in Young Australians: An Australian Hearing Study
This study examines the effects of leisure noise exposure on hearing loss in young Australians, using a variety of dosimeter measurements and surveys. The study highlights the risks of noise-induced hearing loss from prolonged use of MP3 players and other leisure activities.
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1. Binge Listening Is exposure to leisure noise causing hearing loss in young Australians? Harvey Dillon, Warwick Williams, Megan Gilliver, Elizabeth Beach
2. Noise-induced hearing loss Work-related hearing loss Leisure-related hearing loss Noise Work-related hearing loss Leisure-related hearing loss Work-related hearing loss Leisure-related hearing loss Work-related hearing loss Leisure-related hearing loss
3. Overview Australian Hearing on-line survey of 1000 people aged 18 to 35 Dosimeter measurements at various leisure activities Measurements of actual noise exposure from MP3 players
4. Measuring noise levels in leisure activities
5. A crash course in < 75 dB SAFE 75 85 dB LOUD > 85 dB VERY LOUD - Have to shout to be heard - Can cause permanent hearing loss
6. Workplace Noise Limits 85 dB for 8 hours = 1 ADE (acceptable daily exposure) 88 dB for 4 hours 91 dB for 2 hours 94 dB for 1 hour 97 dB for 30 min 100 dB for 15 min
7. Noise levels in leisure activities Average noise level (dB)
8. Leisure noise exposure on a typical night out Noise level: 100 dB for 4 hours = 16 ADEs Enter Club A 89 dB Enter Club B 106 dB Enter Club C 104 dB 114 dB 64 dB 85 dB 9:34pm 1:42am
9. Binge Listening
10. Risky activities Risk Loudness Exposure time (how long, how often) How many people Mixing many high risk activities
11. Life-time noise exposure Activities change over life So noise/sound exposure changes Noise injury due to noise exposure is cumulative over the life-time Using a noise exposure profile can highlight the most significant noise sources for typical individuals Prevention activities can be better targeted
12. Sound exposure profile over a life-time Sound exposures add up! 42-year old with accumulated noise-exposure of a 60 year-old Williams, 2008
13. Level x time x regularity = exposure
14. Annual noise dose
15. Attendance at night clubs / dance parties
16. Night-club / dance venue 97 dB Sporting event 93 dB Gym with music 92 dB Concert 84 dB Pub/club 83 dB
17. Club sound levels during the evening
18. MP3 player use
19. Personal stereo players (PSP) Long term study Average level (L Aeq ) 84 dB Average use per day ~2:20 h:m Average exposure (L Aeq,8h ) 78 dB Users potentially at risk 23% Users seriously at risk ~4%
20. MP3 exposure levels 2003 2006 2009
21. MP3 daily noise doses
22. Total annual leisure exposure (5 activities) 747 13% get more than one years max acceptable noise dose each year
23. Total annual leisure exposure (MP3 use) 24% get more than one years max acceptable noise dose each year
24. Total annual leisure exposure (MP3 use) 43% get more than one years max acceptable noise dose each year +
25. Does age and gender affect exposure?
26. Is exposure affecting self-rated hearing difficulty?
27. Is MP3 player use affecting hearing difficulty?
28. Do noise-exposed people perceive the risk to their hearing from leisure noise?
29. Do noise-exposed people perceive the risk to their hearing from MP3 exposure?
30. Do noise-exposed people perceive the risk to their hearing from leisure sound exposure?
31. Is it permanent?
34. There is reasonable awareness about noise and hearing loss You can damage your hearing when exposed to loud noise at events like concerts and nightclubs (85% agree) Being exposed to noise at sporting events and gym classes can damage peoples hearing (40% agree) Awareness of Risk: Noise Causes Damage Once your hearing is damaged it cannot ever be restored to its original state (63% agree) These days, if you damage your hearing, the medical profession cant bring it back to its original state (59% agree) Awareness of Hearing loss: Damage is permanent
35. 14% 48% 39% Stages of Change Reported Behaviour Loud noise doesnt bother me. I like my music loud. Going deaf is something old people to have to deal with. I think loud noise/music can permanently damage hearing - but I dont take any action to avoid it Sometimes after loud noise/music I get ringing in my ears. It worries me a bit, until it goes away I worry about short and long term effects of loud noise/music I try to avoid and/or limit my exposure.
36. Exposure varies between behaviour groups
37. Conclusions - Exposure Most people enjoy leisure activities safely Clubbing and MP3 use both impart dangerous noise doses to a small proportion of young people Those with the greatest noise exposure report the greatest number of hearing loss symptoms Exposure diminishes with age over the range 18 to 35 years Life-time risk depends on years of exposure, and work-related exposure MP3 exposure (per person) may be dropping over time
38. Conclusions - Awareness There is widespread awareness that excessive sound causes hearing loss, but: Over 20% of those with high leisure noise exposure think they personally have little or no risk, even if they know there is a general link More than 1/3 of people dont realise that sound-induced hearing loss is permanent.
39. Acknowledgments Hearing loss prevention program, Office of Hearing Services, Department of Health and Ageing Australian Hearing, Marketing and Communication team The Hearing CRC