AP World History Notes Chapter 14: Expansion of the Russian State
This chapter covers the growth and expansion of the Russian state from Moscow, which conquered neighboring Russian-speaking regions and brought together diverse peoples. The motivation behind this expansion was to secure the heartland from nomadic pastoral peoples who often raided neighboring regions and sold people into slavery.
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About AP World History Notes Chapter 14: Expansion of the Russian State
PowerPoint presentation about 'AP World History Notes Chapter 14: Expansion of the Russian State'. This presentation describes the topic on This chapter covers the growth and expansion of the Russian state from Moscow, which conquered neighboring Russian-speaking regions and brought together diverse peoples. The motivation behind this expansion was to secure the heartland from nomadic pastoral peoples who often raided neighboring regions and sold people into slavery.. The key topics included in this slideshow are Russian state, Moscow, expansion, diversity, expansion motivation, nomadic pastoral peoples,. Download this presentation absolutely free.
1. AP World History Notes Chapter 14
2. Russian state centered on the city of Moscow Conquered a number of neighboring Russian-speaking cities Continued to expand south and east of Moscow Brought together a wide variety of different peoples and cultures
4. Motivation #1 = security from the nomadic pastoral peoples Lived in the grasslands south and east of the Russian heartland Russians = afraid one of these groups will rise to power like the Mongols These nomads frequently raided Russias neighbors and sold many of them into slavery
5. Motivation #2 = Pelts of fur-bearing animals To the east across the vast expanse of Siberia Very valuable and in- demand item Nickname = soft gold
6. To Russians, their empire meant: Defending the Russian frontiers Enhancing the power of the Russian state Bringing Christianity, civilization, and enlightenment to savages
7. Everyone had to swear an oath of allegiance to the grand tsar Everyone had to pay yasak = tribute paid in cash or valuable goods New diseases accompanied Russian conquest ex: smallpox and measles People felt the pressure to convert to Christianity Tax breaks, tribute exemptions, and the promise of land if they did Ivan the Terrible Tsar of Russia (1533-1584)
8. Huge influx of Russian settlers to conquered territories within the empire Began to outnumber the native peoples Ex: By 1720 = population of Siberia = 70% Russian and 30% native Siberian
9. Native peoples were Russified = adopted the Russian language and culture, converted to Christianity, gave up their traditional hunting & gathering lifestyle, etc.
10. Loss of hunting ground and pasturelands to Russian agricultural settlers Result = native peoples became dependent on Russian markets for crops and luxury goods
11. By the 18 th century = Russia became one of the great powers of Europe Power stemmed from wealth found in: rich agricultural lands, valuable furs, and mineral deposits Russia became a highly militarized state as well Russian Empire stayed intact until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991
12. Established a tradition of autocratic government with a powerful monarchy Belief = only a strong ruler could hold together such a large empire with such a diverse population Ruled by monarchies until the early 1900s Peter the Great Reign: 1682 - 1725
13. RUSSIAN EMPIRE OTHER EUROPEANS Acquired territories next to them that they had been in contact with for a long time Acquired territories at the same time that a Russian state was taking shape Russia was an empire. Acquired territories far away from them that they didnt know about until 1492 Acquired overseas empires AFTER establishing themselves as solid European states The British had an empire.
14. Done by the Qing (aka Manchu) Dynasty Ruled from 1644 to 1912 Foreigners invaders from Manchuria Enlarged the size of China and incorporated a lot of non-Chinese peoples as they expanded to the north and west
15. MAINTAINED ADOPTED Ethnic distinctiveness forbade intermarriage between themselves and native Chinese Chinese language Confucian teachings Chinese government techniques
16. Major motivation = security concerns To China = expansion was viewed as a defensive necessity Result = Qing dynasty China undertook an 80-year military effort (1680-1760) to bring together surrounding regions under Chinese control
17. In general the Qing rulers: Showed respect for other cultures Did not force people to assimilate to Chinese culture Chinese settlers did not flood the other regions of the empire Yizhu = 8 th Emperor of the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty