Mobile Device Security: A Brief History and Current Threats

Mobile Device Security: A Brief History and Current Threats

This article explores the evolution of cellular technology over the years and the different security threats that mobile devices face today.

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About Mobile Device Security: A Brief History and Current Threats

PowerPoint presentation about 'Mobile Device Security: A Brief History and Current Threats'. This presentation describes the topic on This article explores the evolution of cellular technology over the years and the different security threats that mobile devices face today.. The key topics included in this slideshow are Mobile device security, cellular technology, threats, timeline, 3G data service,. Download this presentation absolutely free.

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1. Mobile Device Security Zachary Weinberg Carnegie Mellon University

2. Researchers discussed Ravishankar Borgaonkar Manuel Egele Adrienne Porter Felt Nico Golde Karsten Nohl Wu Zhou the grugq 2

3. Cellular Telephony: Timeline Pagers: 1950 Car phones: 1956 Satellite phones: 1979 Handheld, cellular phones: 1982 SMS messaging: 1992 First PDA/phone: 1993 GPS and maps: 1999 Cameras: 2000 3G data service: 2001 Integrated email: 2002 Complete web browser: 2002 iPhone: 2007 Android: 2008 4G data: 2010 (still rolling out) 3

4. What we mean by cellular 4

5. 5 Source: ITU via Wikipedia

6. What your phone knows about you Phone number Call log Text messages Email Contacts Calendar Web browsing history Physical location Physical activity logs WiFi networks you use Photographs you took Account credentials Second authenticators Payment credentials 6

7. How to steal all this delicious data? Just ask for it Steal the phone physically Install malware Subvert existing app Subvert popular library Be a malicious website Deliver malicious ads Be the network 7

8. Malware is harder on mobile The OS restricts each application to a limited set of privileges The baseband controller enforces FCC regulations The cell tower enforces phone company policy 8

9. Confused deputies Chat Squirrel cant read or write files Maybe it can trick another application that can? 9

10. Layer bypass YOU ARE HERE cant talk directly to the network maybe it can bypass the OS, which enforces that policy? 10

11. All application attacks apply Buffer overflow Use after free TOCTOU race Misuse of cryptography Unauthenticated TLS Many apps talk to websites XSS? CSRF? SQL injection? Buggy auth protocol? 11

12. Privilege creep You can just ask for lots of privileges and youll probably get them Applications keep adding functionality, and new privileges 12 Whatever Facebook for Android update dialog

13. Privilege creep: flashlight apps 13

14. Ad libraries are, as usual, evil 1,407 iOS applications analyzed (825 from App Store, 582 from Cydia) Pervasive ad and app-telemetry libraries 772 apps (55%) contain at least one such library Send UDID and AppID on start, with each ad-request Ad company can build detailed usage profiles Application has privileges it doesnt need itself 14

15. Repackaging (with malware) Take a legitimate application Combine it with off-the-shelf malware Re-upload to app store under new name You get the purchase price, the ad revenue, and the botnet! 1083 of 1260 malware samples were this 15

16. Possible solution to privilege creep 16 Cosmetic changes can always be undone Access to files, camera, etc. infers permission from user action

17. Possible solution to repackaging Market operator can weed them out Market operator has to care What if market operator is the malware source? The original app probably wasnt obfuscated 17

18. Possible solution to evil advertising 18

19. Malicious websites Everything you heard in the past two lectures applies Browsers require a frightening number of privileges Mobile-variant websites get less security attention from their developers Apps often embed websites 19 Permissions list for Firefox for Android as found on my phone

20. Being the network Cell phones implicitly trust the cell towers The towers know where each phone is to within a city block Channel security is vintage 1990s proprietary, i.e. junk No end-to-end encryption in general 20

21. IMSI catchers Fake cell tower Nearby; strongest signal Logs devices that connect to it with physical locations Can log all traffic call/data encryption ends at the tower Can buy a femtocell for $250, r00t it, and turn it into one of these May be able to 0wn such devices remotely 21

22. Channel security or lack thereof An object lesson in Kerckhoffs Principle 2G: A5 ciphers, developed 1987, kept secret Reverse engineered in 1999 A5/2 completely broken within a month A5/1 partially broken 2006, completely 2010 3G: KASUMI cipher, developed 1999, semi- publicly Weaknesses found 2001, 2006, 2010, 2013 Some practical attacks, but not (yet!) as used in 3G Compare AES: developed 1999-2001, publicly Still no practical attacks 22

23. Protocol downgrade 3G and up have OK channel security, but Phones automatically fall back to 2G if no 3G service Jam the 3G signal from the real tower, crack the weak 2G encryption 23

24. Data tampering by legitimate carrier 24 End-to-end crypto (e.g. HTTPS) makes this go away

25. Solution for tampering/eavesdropping End-to-end secure channel Data: HTTPS, VPNs Built into iOS and Android Calls, text messages: need 3 rd party app WhisperSystems, Silent Circle, etc Both ends have to have the software 25

26. Solution for location tracking Cell towers cant help but know where the phones are Carriers do not need to record location history, maybe they shouldnt Courts should treat location tracking as an invasive search (needs a warrant) 26

27. 27 Questions?

28. Further reading 28

29. Image sources 29

30. END