Understanding Web Service Resource Framework and OGSA

Understanding Web Service Resource Framework and OGSA

This article provides an overview of Web Service Resource Framework (WSRF) and its relations to Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA), along with their key concepts and specifications. It also includes a preview of Globus WSRF and an example service to help readers better understand these technologies.

  • Uploaded on | 1 Views
  • billy billy

About Understanding Web Service Resource Framework and OGSA

PowerPoint presentation about 'Understanding Web Service Resource Framework and OGSA'. This presentation describes the topic on This article provides an overview of Web Service Resource Framework (WSRF) and its relations to Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA), along with their key concepts and specifications. It also includes a preview of Globus WSRF and an example service to help readers better understand these technologies.. The key topics included in this slideshow are Web Service Resource Framework, WSRF, Open Grid Service Architecture, OGSA, service aggregation, standard service interfaces, protocol identification,. Download this presentation absolutely free.

Presentation Transcript

1. Web Service Resource Framework (WSRF) Alexander Whrer und Peter Brezany woehrer@par.univie.ac.at www.par.univie.ac.at/~woehrer

2. Agenda OGSA Overview Exkurs: State and Services Introduction to WSRF What it is, why it was developed Relations to OGSI, OGSA Definitions WSRF Concepts in Detail how WS-Addressing is used have a closer look on the specs Globus WSRF Preview Example Service Conclusion

3. OGSA I Open Grid Service Architecture everything is represented as a service services may be aggregated in various ways to meet the needs of Virtual Org. defines what is a Grid Service definition of standard service interfaces identification of the protocol(s)

4. OGSA II Grid service: a Web service that provides a set of well-defined interfaces + follows specific conventions The interfaces address discovery dynamic service creation lifetime management notification manageability The conventions address naming upgradeability

5. OGSA III Grid services can maintain internal state for the lifetime of the service can be created and destroyed dynamically (via a Factory) have a globally unique name, the Grid service handle (GSH) each instance has a set of service data elements (a collection of XML elements)

6. State and Services I possible associations: A stateless service implements message exchanges with no access or use of information not contained in the input message. Example is a service that compresses and decompresses documents. A conversational service implements a series of operations such that the result of one operation depends on a prior operation and/or prepares for a subsequent operation. The service uses each message in a logical stream of messages to determine the processing behavior of the service. Example: many interactive websites

7. State and Services II A service that acts upon stateful resources provides access to, or manipulates a set of logical stateful resources based on messages it sends and receives (WSRF) dynamic state needed for a given message- exchange execution must be: provided explicitly within the request message maintained implicitly within other system components with which the Web service can interact

8. State and Services III Webservice: stateless, persistent Grid-Service: stateful, can be transient

9. OGSA in the big picture

10. OGSA Service Invocation Example in Detail

11. Introduction to WSRF Questions so far? Introduction to WSRF What it is, why it was developed Relations to OGSI, OGSA Definitions

12. What it is? announced at GlobusWorld 04 by the Globus Alliance, IBM and HP WSRF is a set of five Web services specifications to model and manage state in a Web services context ResourceLifetime ResourceProperties BaseFaults RenewableReferences ServiceGroup ... which together with the Notification Spec retain all of the essential functional capabilities present in OGSI

13. Why it was developed? WSRF effectively completes the convergence of the Web service and Grid computing communities

14. Why it was developed? Criticisms of OGSI from the Web services community : Too much stuff in one spec => functionality partitioned into a family of composable specifications Does not work well with existing Web services tooling => WSRF tones down the usage of XML Schema Too object oriented : OGSI v1.0 models a stateful resource as a Web service that encapsulates the resources state, with the identity and lifecycle of the service and resource state coupled => WSRF makes an explicit distinction between the service and the stateful entities acted upon by that service

15. Relation from WSRF to ... OGSA: WSRF mechanisms will enable OGSA OGSI: WSRF restates OGSI concepts in WS terms OGSI WSRF Grid Service Reference (GSR) WS-Addressing Endpoint Reference Grid Service Handle (GSH) WS-Addressing Endpoint Reference HandleResolver portType WS-RenewableReferences Service data elements (SDE) WS-ResourceProperties GridService lifetime managementt WS-ResourceLifeCycle Notification portTypes WS-Notification Factory portType Treated as a pattern ServiceGroup portTypes WS-ServiceGroup Base fault type WS-BaseFaults

16. Definitions in WSRF WS-Resource = Web Service + stateful resource which is used in the execution of message exchanges Stateful resource : Specific set of state data expressible as XML doc Well defined lifecycle Known to and acted upon by one or more web services Implied resource pattern = specific kind of relationship between web service and stateful resource Stateful resource implicit input for the execution of the message request (static or dynamic) Pattern means that relationship is codified by a set of conventions in particular XML, WSDL and WS-Addressing

17. WSRF in detail WSRF Concepts in Detail how WS-Addressing is used have a closer look on the specs

18. Usage of WS-Adressing I http://someOrg.com/aWebService C Service Requestor WS request response C A B

19. Usage of WS-Adressing II C some message Service Requestor WS C message A B C

20. Resource-Lifecycle I The lifecycle of a WS-Resource is defined as the period between its instantiation and its destruction. Creation of a WS-Resource: trough any Web service capable of bringing one or more WS-Resources into existence response message typically contains at least one endpoint reference that refers to the new WS- Resource or places it into a registry for later retrival a message exchange is only considered a WS- Resource factory operation if it results in the actual creation of the WS-Resource referred to in the returned WSResource-qualified endpoint reference

21. Resource-Lifecycle II immediate destruction request message: response message: scheduled destruction mechanisms uses properties of the WS-Resource to query current time Determine current termination time

22. Resource Lifecycle III Setting initial termination Time via special XML element in the creation request message Requesting Change to Termination Time SetTerminationTimeRequest message Notification of Resource Destruction via subscription to topic ResourceTermination All time specifications are in UTC

23. Notifications I notification using a topic-based publication/subscription pattern standard set of message exchanges that define the roles of NotificationProducer and NotificationConsumer standard way to name and describe Topics

24. Notifications II Topic = categorize Notifications and their related NotificationMessage schemas part of the matching process A B C WS with topics: goingOffLine SystemError Subscribe C to SystemError Subscribe B to goingOffLine Producer Consumer

25. Notifications III A B C WS with topics: goingOffLine SystemError Broker Consumer msg1 msg2 Publisher A Publisher B Publish msg1 to topic SystemError Publish msg2 to topic SystemError

26. Notifications IV Broker interface: intermediary Web Service that decouples NotificationConsumers from Publishers Demand-based publishing: producing notifications may be costly Broker subscribes to the Publisher When no subscribers for the messages it pauses its subscription resumes when there are subscribers

27. Resource Properties I defines the type and values of a WS- Resources state that can be viewed and modified Resource properties document acts as a view on the actual state Described using XML Schema

28. Resource Properties II Defined Messages: GetResourceProperty GetMultipleResourceProperties SetResourceProperties Insert,update,delete QueryResourceProperties Using a query expression such as Xpath

29. Base Fault I Target: specifying Web services fault messages in a common way defines an XML Schema type for a base fault, along with rules for how this fault type is used

30. Base Fault II xsd:dateTime wsa:EndpointReferenceType ? xsd:string ? xsd:string * wsbf:BaseFault *

31. Service Groups I defines means by which WS can be grouped together for a domain specific purpose ServiceGroup is a WS-Resource, which represents a collection of other Web services MembershipContentRule : constraints on membership of the service group E.g. membership can be restricted to members that implement a particular interface no MembershipContentRule elements are specified, the members of the ServiceGroup are unconstrained.

32. Service Groups II ServiceGroupRegistration interface defines the message exchanges allow a requestor to add entries to a ServiceGroup (Add Operation) Notification of ServiceGroup Modification Topic ServiceGroupModification Notification Messages EntryAdditionNotification EntryRemovalNotification

33. Renewable Reference No specification yet! define mechanisms that can be used to renew an endpoint reference that has become invalid reference may contain not only addressing but also policy information concerning interactions with the service How? Decorating endpoint references with information necessary to retrieve a new endpoint reference

34. Globus WSRF Preview early preview of the Java WSRF Core implementation none of the higher-level services GT 4.0 based on WSRF should become available in Quartal 4 of 2004

35. Example I What is required to implement a new service? WSDL Service impl. Resource impl. ResourceHome Client Configuration/Installation

36. Example II Counter Scenario

37. WSDL I - Properties

38. WSDL II - Interface name="CounterPortType" gtwsdl:implements="wsnt:NotificationProducer wsrl:ImmediateResourceTermination" wsrp:ResourceProperties ="tns:CounterRP">

39. Service Implementation public _createCounterResponse createCounter(_createCounterRequest request) { ResourceContext ctx = null; CounterHome home = null; ResourceKey key = null; ctx = ResourceContext.getResourceContext(); home = (CounterHome) ctx.getResourceHome(); key = home.create(); EndpointReferenceType epr = AddressingUtils.createEndpointReference(ctx, key); _createCounterResponse response = new _createCounterResponse(); response.setEndpointReference(epr); return response; }

40. Service Implementation - add public int add(int arg0) throws RemoteException { Object resource = ResourceContext.getResourceContext().getResource(); Counter counter = (Counter) resource; int result = counter.getValue(); result += arg0; counter.setValue(result); return result; }

41. Resource Implementation public class PersistentCounter extends Counter implements PersistentResource { public void setValue(int value) { super.setValue(value); store(); } public Object create() throws Exception { Object key = super.create(); store(); return key; } public void load(ResourceKey key) throws ResourceException { } public void store() throws ResourceException { } public void remove() throws ResourceException { } }

42. ResourceHome public class CounterHome extends PersistentResourceHome { public ResourceKey create() throws Exception { Counter counter = (Counter)createNewInstance(); counter.create(); ResourceKey key = new SimpleResourceKey(keyTypeName, counter.getID()); this.resources.put(key, counter); return key; } }

43. Conclusions WSRF refactors OGSA concepts some parts are still missing Grid and Web communities can move forward on a common base WS-Resource: Web service that acts upon stateful resources

44. References IBM: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ws- resource/ Globus Java WSRF Core 3.9.1 http://www.globus.org/toolkit/

45. Thank you for your attention!