The Economic Development of the Northern Section
The Northern Section of the United States saw significant economic growth during the 19th century. In the Northwest, agriculture continued to be a major economic strength, with goods being sold at different markets
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Slide1The Northern Section• Northwest – Economic strength in agriculture. Goods to be sold at different markets. • Rise in specialized businesses such as banks, slaughterhouses, distilleries, and shipping companies. • Heavy trading with different regions of the United States. • Northeast – Factories grow in Urban areas – Population density increases – Industrialization increases.
Slide2The Northern Section• Growth in industry a result of inventions such as interchangeable parts. • Tremendous growth in cities with a large % of workers being women. • More time spent away from the home (Market Economy). • Growth of hospitals and school to deal with that situation. • Growth of Tenement buildings that were crowded and had very poor conditions • Fear of disease (cholera)
Slide3The Northern Section• Rise in labor disputes led to the growth of Labor Unions such as the NTU – National Trades Union. • Rise in tensions between employers and employees.
Slide4The Southern Section• ** King Cotton – 1860 Cotton made up 2/3 of the value of American exports. Economy based on cotton production. • Mostly rural country and the weather encouraged agriculture. • Slow urban growth but some cities like New Orleans and Charleston grew. • Sharp increase in slave population…slave trade grew at enormous rates (considered property). – 1820 – 1.5 million slaves – 1850 – 3.2 million slaves
Slide5The Southern Section• Small Farms had less cruel conditions than large plantations. • Revolts were unsuccessful. • Vesey – free slave that preached against slavery. Led an uprising in Charleston in 1822. • Turner’s Rebellion – Uprising by slave against white families in 1831. • Southerners began to fear these uprisings so they increased restrictions on slave activities.