The Reproductive System: Understanding Male and Female Anatomy

The Reproductive System: Understanding Male and Female Anatomy

In this article, Ms. Dockray provides background information on the male and female reproductive systems for students in 12th grade health class. Part 1 focuses on the

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PowerPoint presentation about 'The Reproductive System: Understanding Male and Female Anatomy'. This presentation describes the topic on In this article, Ms. Dockray provides background information on the male and female reproductive systems for students in 12th grade health class. Part 1 focuses on the. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.

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Slide1 Ms. Dockray

Slide2Reproduction Background information Grade 12 Health

Slide3Your Body’s Reproductive System Part 1: The Male Reproductive System  Part 2: The Female Reproductive System

Slide4The Reproductive SystemIntroduction

Slide5Part 1: The Male ReproductiveSystem The in and out; the good, the bad and the ugly of the male reproductive system

Slide6Male Reproduction:Internal Organs  Epididymis, Vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, Cowper’s gland, and urethra

Slide7Quick Facts! Semen -  The combination of sperm, seminal fluid, and other male reproductive secretions  Circumcision - Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis  Epididymis - Temporary storage unit for sperm located on outer surface of testes  Vas deferens - pair of tubes which lead to seminal vesicles and prostate gland

Slide8Quick Facts Cont.  Testicles - Two small glands that produce sperm  Scrotum - Contains testes and protects sperm by temp regulation  Penis - Tube-shaped organ attached to body above testes

Slide9External OrgansTestes and Penis - 100 million sperm are produced each day! - 300-400 million sperm in each ejaculation, but only one can fertilize an ovum!

Slide10Main Functions of the MaleReproductive System!  1. Produce sperm!  2. Transfer sperm to female’s body during sexual intercourse!

Slide11Functions of the MaleReproductive System!  Hormones from pituitary gland cause testes to produce testosterone.  Physical changes…  Sperm production  Where sperm travel to from the testes:  Sperm  –> epididymis to mature –> vas deferens – > ejaculatory duct –> urethra –> out of body

Slide12Care Clean your area  Always use protection  Avoid wearing overly tight clothing  Wear a cup  Self-exam  Shower  Clean the penis and scrotum well  Wash under foreskin if needed  Check for lumps

Slide134 Easy Steps to Performing a TesticularExam  Once a month you should examine your testicles by: Step 1: Check for any swelling

Slide144 Easy Steps to Performing aTesticular Exam   Cont. Step 2: Place the index and middle fingers of both hands under the testicle with the thumbs placed on top. Roll the testicle gently between the thumbs and fingers—you shouldn’t feel any pain when doing the exam.

Slide154 Easy Steps to Performing a SelfTesticular Exam   Cont. Step 3: Find the epididymis, the soft, tube-like structure behind the testicle. Cancerous lumps usually are found on the sides of the testicle, but can also show up on the front.

Slide164 Easy Steps to Performing a TesticularExam   Cont. Step 4: If you feel a lump, see your doctor right away.

Slide17ProblemsHernia Sterility Enlarged Prostate Gland Cancer of the Prostate Gland Cancer of the Testes Impotence

Slide18Problems Cont.  Hernia-  The protrusion of an organ or structure into surrounding tissues.  Example: Inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through a weak point in the groin  Most occur in the abdomen

Slide19Problems Cont.  Sterility-   A condition in which a person can’t reproduce.  Caused by:  Environmental hazards, exposure to X-rays, radiation, temperature change, exposure to certain chemicals found it cigarettes, mumps, STD’s, or malfunction of an organ

Slide20Problems Cont. Prostate Cancer  The second highest cancer in males  Early detection is KEY!

Slide21Problems Cont. Testicular Cancer  Is usually a slight enlargement of the testicle  Hard lumps  Can be cured if caught early

Slide22Problems Cont.  Enlarged Prostate Gland-  Squeezes the urethra  Frequent or difficult urination  Caused by Infection, tumor, or old age  Impotence -  Inability to maintain an erection in order to have intercourse

Slide23Part 2: The Female ReproductiveSystem  How, what, and why the female body does what it does!

Slide24Reproductive OrgansFallopian tube, ovary, clitoris, ovum, uterus, endometrium, cervix, vagina, urethra labia minora and majora

Slide26Tracking The Female Egg

Slide27Care Cleanliness is KEY!  Especially during menstruation  Breast Self-Exam  Pap Test  Sanitary napkins, tampons  Note: “Deodorant sprays and douches should not be necessary and may cause irritation!”

Slide28The 4 Steps to Breast Self Exam(BSE) Step 1 : Look at breast in mirror with arms on hips and bow slightly forward. Look for: Usual size, shape, color, any discharge, puckering, dimpling, or scaling Step 2 : Raise arms and look for same changes.

Slide29The 4 Steps to Breast Self Exam(BSE)  Cont.  Step 3: Raise one arm and thoroughly explore breast with other arm by:  Use 3-4 fingers, press and make circles starting with outer side of breast and gradually move toward nipple. Do whole breast!  Squeeze nipple to see any discharge  Step 4: Same as step 3 but lay on back.

Slide30ProblemsMenstruation Problems Infertility Other Problems Menstrual Cramps Blocked Fallopian Tube Ovarian Cysts Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Endometriosis Breast and Cervical Cancer Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) STDs  and Infections

Slide31Menstrual Problems Menstrual Cramps - Abdominal cramps last a few hours.  Exercise and heating pads are good  Prescribed med’s  Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) -  Aching muscles, bloodshot eyes, sore throat, high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, fainting, and rash caused by bacteria

Slide32Menstrual Problems Cont.  PMS - Nervous tension, anxiety, irritability, bloating, weight gain, depression, fatigue, and mood swings

Slide33Infertility Problems Blocked Fallopian Tube -  Leading cause of infertility  Causes: PID or abdominal surgery  Endometriosis - 2nd leading cause of infertility  Uterine tissue grows outside the uterus, appearing on ovaries, fallopian tubes, and abdominal cavity

Slide34Infertility Problems Cont. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - Infection of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and surrounding areas.  Causes: Damage to reproductive organs and STD’s a

Slide35Other Problems Ovarian Cyst -  Fluid filled sac on the ovary; can lead to cancer  Breast Cancer - Lumps on breast should be checked out by a doctor  Do self-exam

Slide36Other Problems Cont.  Cervical Cancer  Sexual activity and family history play a role  Pap test

Slide37Sexually Transmitted Diseases Gonorrhea  Chlamydia  Syphilis  HPV (Human papilloma virus)  HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus)  HIV / AIDS  Trichomoniasis  Crabs

Slide38Herpes Simplex Virus


Slide44Pubic Lice or Crabs

Slide45Remember!!! Boys have a penis, Girls have a vagina!!!  Once a month do a self exam  Take care of yourself  Clean, Clean, Clean  Get checked out if something seems different